Kindergarten pupils begin learning skills that they will use for years to come in reading and writing. One simple literacy skill to teach them is the concept of beginning, middle and end. It can increase their comprehension of stories and assist them when writing their own stories.
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Choose a short storybook with a simple plot to read to pupils. Prior to reading, cue them that you will be asking them afterward about what happened at the beginning, middle and end of the story. Read the storybook. Ask a volunteer to describe what happened at the beginning of the story. Have one or more pupils describe what happened during the middle of the story, reminding them that there were multiple events. Ask the class what happened at the end of the story. You can choose to record their ideas on chart paper during the discussion.
Draw or use the computer to make three pictures that represent the main events in a storybook. Use card stock for durability. Read the story to the class. Ask a pupil to place the cards in the correct order to show the beginning, middle and end of the story. As pupils become more proficient at sequencing stories, increase the number of picture cards for each book.
Read a storybook to the class. Lead a discussion about what happened during the story. Encourage pupils to focus on the main events. Provide each pupil with a graphic organiser containing three boxes. Instruct pupils to draw a picture of what happened at the beginning of the story in the first box. Pupils illustrate the middle of the story in the second box and the end of the story in the third box.
Lead a discussion about the activities the class participates in during a typical school day. Record the ideas on chart paper. Ask pupils what happens at the beginning of the day. For example, they hangs their coats up. Talk about what happens during the middle of the day, such as eating lunch or going outside. Discuss what happens at the end of the day; for example, pupils get their backpacks ready. Discuss other examples such as what pupils do on Saturdays.
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