Social responsibility accounting is a framework established to monitor and evaluate an organisation's performance to ensure that it conforms to environmental, economic and societal needs. Unlike financial accounting, it focuses on the contribution that the business gives to society and the environment through its behaviour and activities. Social responsibility accounting has been developed in response to the government and public's pressure on large corporations to be more transparent and conscious about the impact of their activities on the environment and society. As this is not a traditional accounting system, the implementation process can be quite difficult and cumbersome for some organisations.
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Cost and Workload
The implementation cost of social responsibility accounting is high. It requires a high labour workload, especially at the initial stage of its implementation. Early planning and troubleshooting strategies have to be organised, which could incur massive time and cost to the business. The management has to implement long-term, strategic planning so that the accounting system meets the organisation's profitability objectives while also minimising the social impact of its activities. Risk awareness as a result of the implementation has to be taken into consideration and monitored.
In contrast to public services which operate to serve the public needs, most private businesses aim to maximise profit and shareholders' wealth. The nature of their activities may makes it difficult to implement the social responsibility accounting system. For example, although a company's policy and procedures on disposal of chemical waste is in accordance to the rules and regulation, it may not be sufficient to achieve the target of accommodating environmental and social needs.
The implementation process, which requires heavy workload, may deteriorate the staff morale. Having to work extra hours and additional workload at the same pay rate can cause employees to seek employment somewhere else. As a result, the business will incur high labour turnover and more cost by needing to recruit and possibly train new staff.
Unlike a traditional accounting system, which concerns figures, the social responsibility accounting is developed to ensure a business' activities fit the environment and society surrounding it. Resources, such as social cost- benefit analysis and information on pollution impact and destruction of animal resources form part of the implementation process. An organisation that wishes to implement this system may face a shortage of resources and therefore may be discouraged to proceed.
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