Wedding dress styles from the '70s

Written by lorraine rock
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Wedding dress styles from the '70s
One of the innovations of the 1970s was the soft, unstructured style of the nylon dress with "Camelot" style sleeves. (Bride in white wedding dress image by Speedfighter from Fotolia.com)

The 1970s was a transition decade; it started out much as the 1960s, with a mix of fashions varying from very bohemian to somewhat traditional. By the end of the decade, however, the newer trends, including man-made fibres, heralded the change to materialism that characterised the 1980s. Wedding styles echoed the changes in society, and while there is always room for the ball gown, there were also some unique styles in this fascinating decade.

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The Wedding Dress and its Basic Choices

Wedding dresses use the best natural fabrics -- cotton, silk, satin, chiffon and net -- as well as high quality, man-made fibres. Depending on the formality of the wedding, lengths can vary from floor length or tea length up to knee length or above. Long skirts can be very full, slightly full, narrow, fishtail and draping. Though some styles are timeless, in each decade one style tends to predominate (probably because a celebrity chose it ) and the basic catalogue will reflect trends in modifications to other styles. In the end, however, wedding dresses are like brides: there are no typical ones. A perfectly modern '70s miss may have picked an antebellum ball gown -- one of the timeless styles -- over a modern A line tent dress, because she always dreamed of being Scarlett O'Hara.

Wedding dress styles from the '70s
Many girls still choose ball gowns with full skirts, because that has been their dream. (beautiful wedding gown image by Paul Retherford from Fotolia.com)

1970 to 1973, Looking Backward

Behaviour doesn't change overnight, and many people in 1969 were baby boomers just emerging into adulthood.They preferred the loose muslin dresses, short styles and truly informal weddings, which characterised the hippie movement. Brides often chose Mexican wedding dresses for their light muslin fabric and white colour -- evoking innocence -- as well as their low cost. Mini dresses with extra glitter, and shift or slip dresses also showed up. Coloured gowns made a come back, and flapper dresses with beads were also popular, reflecting back to another wild era. New sleeve styles also appeared; the Camelot sleeve was popular on formal gowns.

Wedding dress styles from the '70s
Dresses that you could move in became popular. (bride image by cherie from Fotolia.com)

1974 to 1976, Modern Designs

Some uniquely modern styles emerged in the middle part of the era. Column dresses made of heavy satin, with false turtle necks and unstructured bodices, reflected the fashion of the day. Tube tops were in, and new fabrics appeared that made cotton, lace and even muslin look stiff and uncomfortable. Spaghetti strapped dresses were popular, too. Wedding dresses featured strapless tops and flowing skirts. There were fewer short dresses, which had been quite popular. Brides even wore long skirts at informal weddings, and bridesmaids chose their own dresses, with the bride merely dictating the colour or the basic style.

Wedding dress styles from the '70s
Uniquely modern designs characterised the middle of the decade (wedding bride image by Mat Hayward from Fotolia.com)

1975-1977, Truly '70s fashion

The invention of fine man-made jersey fabrics like Qiana appeared in mid decade, and the disco set instantaneously accepted them. Dressmakers also loved the fabric. It draped beautifully and had body, but was light and flowing; it clung to the body, but not too tightly, and it was sexy.The skirts often had handkerchief hems, and high-heeled fancy sandals reappeared. Though formal weddings and formal brides still existed, the trend was clearly to create a unique style, often custom created by the bride, her mom and the dressmaker. Some brave brides wore white pantsuits and even "hot-pant" suits, though many were hidden under a skirt, or half skirt, until the reception.

Wedding dress styles from the '70s
The Qiana gown was popular for wedding gowns and dance dresses alike. (wedding dance image by Rich Johnson from Fotolia.com)

1978 and 1979, Looking Forward

As the decade wound down, designer fashion moved to the forefront. Celebrities wore couture dresses for their weddings. Specific wedding designers had always existed, but now they produced off-the-rack dresses. Brides wore gowns by top designers -- or their knock-offs. With growing conservatism, brides returned to Grecian styles and ball gowns were popular again, as well as lace and silk and satin. Early '70s gowns had high necks and long sleeves, while late '70s dresses featured bustiers showing cleavage. Lace appliqués, beads and sequins were reintroduced -- sumptuousness would characterise the decade to come.

Wedding dress styles from the '70s
Designer dresses were a growing trend at the end of the decade. (wedding gown dress white hanging shoe image by Paul Retherford from Fotolia.com)

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