Magnetic trains are a relatively new technology that has revolutionised transportation by train. Magnetic trains are also referred to as maglev trains, or magnetic levitation trains. Asian and European countries have built a range of maglev trains and the United States is beginning to invest in this technology. Science projects involving magnetic trains could analyse and present a host of different information about this train technology.
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A simple and interesting science project on magnetic trains could take a look at the history of this technology. Magnetic trains were invented in the mid 20th century. This project could show the key differences between steam-powered trains that people are more familiar with, versus the maglev trains that are gaining popularity. This project could also present the relevant technologies of the magnetic train design, and how these technologies have evolved since their inception a few decades ago. The project could also discuss real world maglev trains that have been built around the world over the years.
An educational science project on magnetic trains could analyse the technologies that are used to build and operate magnetic trains. This project could start by looking at the initial process of building a magnetic train in a factory and the technologies required to build the train. The project could then analyse what technologies are present within a maglev train. Magnetic trains utilise magnetics to provide a space of air between the train and the tracks. This enables these trains to run on the tracks with little friction, which allows for higher speeds.
A more complicated science project involving magnetic trains could show a simplified version of how these trains work. A student could use multiple magnets to surround a metal pipe or rail of the same polarity. Because same polarities oppose attraction, the magnets will keep a distance from the rail at all times. This project could also explore the basic principles of magnetism and magnetic attraction.
Another interesting science project involving magnetic trains could propose a real-world maglev train to be built in a cost-effective place. A student could research which areas might benefit the most from the service. For instance, a student could propose building a magnetic train that runs from New York City to Washington, D.C. The project could then report on how much the train and all of the tracks that must be built would cost to construct. This project could conclude by estimating an approximate number of passengers for the train, the top speed of the train, and the approximate time the train would take to travel from its departure to its destination.
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