Both land and water animals thrive in the moist climate of temperate coniferous forests. These forests tend to flourish in places with warm summers and cool, mild winters, experiencing plentiful rainfall that leaves the landscape moist for plant growth. Evergreen trees such as cedars, redwoods, pines and firs provide food and shelter for animals such as black bears and deer, while salmon swim in the forest streams.
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Large Land Animals
Deer and elk area among the land animals that live in the temperate coniferous forest biome. In the forest Bialowieza on the Belarus-Poland border, more than 500 European bison also call the landscape home. They were exterminated in the area in 1919, but re-entered the park in 1929, according to the Polish Forest Research Institute. They feed on the forests' abundant vegetation. Gray wolves, wild boar and lynxes share the forests with them.
Among the dozens of mammal species that thrive in temperate evergreen forests, small mammals such as the marmot appear. Meanwhile, masked shrews and northern birch mice also live in the forests. In South America's Valdivian forests, the smallest deer on Earth makes its home; known as the pudu, it is an endangered species, according to the World Wildlife Fund.
Hundreds of bird species flourish in temperate coniferous forests, according to the Forest Research Institute. These include spotted owls, black storks, cranes, woodpeckers, redwings and marbled murrelets. In the Valdivian forest of South America, colourful birds such as parrots and Juan Fernandez firecrown hummingbirds thrive in the humidity. For instance, the Forest Research Institute reports that 120 types of bird breed in Bialowieza park, while another 112 appear in the region.
While salmon and other fish call streams home --- and provide food for forest bears --- less common animals also survive in the waters of the temperate evergreen forest biome. For instance, beavers and otters thrive in the waters and on the shores of Bialowieza National Park streams.
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