Simple, low-cost rice milling machines play an essential role in ensuring food security and reducing hunger and poverty in the rural Philippines. The Philippine Rice Research Institute, commonly known as PhilRice, works with more than 60 agencies worldwide to increase rice self-sufficiency, productivity and profitability through the research and development of portable milling machines, among other new technologies.
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For people living in remote villages, portable and economical milling machines provide an alternative to transporting rice to distant milling facilities or grinding it by hand with a mortar and pestle. PhilRice mills consist of a hopper, a milling rotor and a set of separators; they are made of steel and plastic, and according to PhilRice, are easy to fabricate, operate and maintain. PhilRice produces a selection of models for both household and village use, including a mill for processing fine, dry flour.
PhilRice produces a household Micromill for household use that weighs 39.9 Kilogram, including the motor, and has a total height of 38 1/2 inches. This model processes rice at a rate of 49.9 to 74.8 Kilogram per hour, with a milling recovery of 60 to 67 per cent and a headrice recovery of 50 to 70 per cent. To operate, it requires one person and a 1hp electric motor or 3hp gasoline engine, with an energy consumption of 0.26 gallons per hour.
The village Micromill is also available in a larger size for village use that weighs 59.9 Kilogram and measures 41 inches tall. It has a milling capacity of 330 to 440 pounds per hour, with the same percentages of milling recovery and headrice recovery as the household model. It requires one to two people to operate and runs on a 5hp electric motor, 7 to 9hp gasoline engine or 6 to 8hp diesel engine, consuming 0.4 to 0.53 gallons per hour.
PhilRice produces a mill for processing fine, dry rice flour that can also be used for milling corn, soya, mungbean, black pepper, squash, banana, cassava, sweet potato and other dried food products. It stores flour for up to six months by preventing flour contamination caused by wet milling. The mill’s capacity is 9.98 Kilogram per hour, and it requires one person and a 2hp electric motor or a 5hp gasoline engine to operate. A larger, 220-pound model is also available with a milling capacity of 146 Kilogram per hour; requiring a 10hp electric motor or 12hp diesel engine.
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