Endangered Species of the Brazilian Rain Forest

Updated February 21, 2017

The rainforests of South America, including the Brazilian rainforest, which is also known as the Amazon rainforest, are home to some of the most diverse plant and animal species on the planet, many of which can be found nowhere else in the world. Unfortunately, due to human expansion through the rainforest, many of these incredible species are now endangered.


One of the most well known endangered mammals in the world, the Golden Lion Tamarin, is located in the Brazilian rainforest. This is a small, fluffy, orange-coloured monkey-like animal. Other endangered mammals in the Brazilian rainforest include the golden-bellied capuchin, some tapir species, and the maned three-toed sloth. The giant otter, long-tailed otter, and pink dolphin are also considered endangered. These creatures inhabit the waterways in the Brazilian rainforest, including the Amazon River.

Reptiles and Amphibians

Endangered reptiles include the black caiman, a small relative of the crocodile, several snakes, such as the Dixon's ground snake and many lancehead snakes, which are types of pit vipers. Endangered amphibians include many species of small frogs, including the Brazilian Button Frog. Several types of turtles and tortoises from this region are also on the endangered species list.


Since much of the Brazilian rainforest is made up of waterways, many fish are affected by what happens to the rainforest, creating many endangered species. These fish species include several types of sharks, including the basking shark and hidden angel shark, and rays, such as the apron ray and the Colares stingray. The bignose fanskate, cowfish, and the ginger pearlfish are also endangered. Some clam species, such as Castalia martensi, are also considered endangered.


Several types of birds located in the Brazilian rainforest face extinction. These include the Hyacinth macaw, banded cotinga, long-tailed woodnymph, and the Lear's macaw, which is considered to be in critical danger.


The Brazilian rainforest hosts many endangered insects, many of which are butterflies, such as the Fluminense swallowtail. Some beetles, such as the long-horned beetle, are also considered endangered. Brazil is also home to many endangered snails, such as Hirinaba curytibana and Zilchogyra paulistana snail species.


Along with animals, many endangered plants grow in the Brazilian rainforest. The majority of these plants include hundreds of types of bromeliads and orchids. Also, many other types of flowers are endangered in the Brazilian rainforest, such as the Rafflesia flower, which is the biggest flower in the world. Some trees, such as the Kapok tree, some palms, including the woolly jelly palm, and some mangroves, are also endangered.

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About the Author

Ann LaPan travels exuberantly in body and mind via planes, trains, automobiles and superb literature. A webmaster, website designer, graphic artist, accountant and musician (Jill of all trades, master of a few), she writes Today’s Horoscope for Shooting Star