Endangered Species of the Brazilian Rain Forest

Written by ann lapan
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Endangered Species of the Brazilian Rain Forest
The Golden Lion Tamarin is just one of the hundreds of endangered species in the Brazilian rainforest. (Golden Lion Tamarin image by spi4u2 from Fotolia.com)

The rainforests of South America, including the Brazilian rainforest, which is also known as the Amazon rainforest, are home to some of the most diverse plant and animal species on the planet, many of which can be found nowhere else in the world. Unfortunately, due to human expansion through the rainforest, many of these incredible species are now endangered.

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Mammals

One of the most well known endangered mammals in the world, the Golden Lion Tamarin, is located in the Brazilian rainforest. This is a small, fluffy, orange-coloured monkey-like animal. Other endangered mammals in the Brazilian rainforest include the golden-bellied capuchin, some tapir species, and the maned three-toed sloth. The giant otter, long-tailed otter, and pink dolphin are also considered endangered. These creatures inhabit the waterways in the Brazilian rainforest, including the Amazon River.

Endangered Species of the Brazilian Rain Forest
(tapir image by Earl Robbins from Fotolia.com)

Reptiles and Amphibians

Endangered reptiles include the black caiman, a small relative of the crocodile, several snakes, such as the Dixon's ground snake and many lancehead snakes, which are types of pit vipers. Endangered amphibians include many species of small frogs, including the Brazilian Button Frog. Several types of turtles and tortoises from this region are also on the endangered species list.

Endangered Species of the Brazilian Rain Forest
(caiman image by iban Salvador from Fotolia.com)

Fish

Since much of the Brazilian rainforest is made up of waterways, many fish are affected by what happens to the rainforest, creating many endangered species. These fish species include several types of sharks, including the basking shark and hidden angel shark, and rays, such as the apron ray and the Colares stingray. The bignose fanskate, cowfish, and the ginger pearlfish are also endangered. Some clam species, such as Castalia martensi, are also considered endangered.

Endangered Species of the Brazilian Rain Forest
(rainforest image by Heng kong Chen from Fotolia.com)

Birds

Several types of birds located in the Brazilian rainforest face extinction. These include the Hyacinth macaw, banded cotinga, long-tailed woodnymph, and the Lear's macaw, which is considered to be in critical danger.

Endangered Species of the Brazilian Rain Forest
Several species of macaw are endangered in the Brazilian rainforest. (blue macaw image by cherie from Fotolia.com)

Insects

The Brazilian rainforest hosts many endangered insects, many of which are butterflies, such as the Fluminense swallowtail. Some beetles, such as the long-horned beetle, are also considered endangered. Brazil is also home to many endangered snails, such as Hirinaba curytibana and Zilchogyra paulistana snail species.

Endangered Species of the Brazilian Rain Forest
(amazonian Brazilian image by Eduardo Azeredo from Fotolia.com)

Plants

Along with animals, many endangered plants grow in the Brazilian rainforest. The majority of these plants include hundreds of types of bromeliads and orchids. Also, many other types of flowers are endangered in the Brazilian rainforest, such as the Rafflesia flower, which is the biggest flower in the world. Some trees, such as the Kapok tree, some palms, including the woolly jelly palm, and some mangroves, are also endangered.

Endangered Species of the Brazilian Rain Forest
(the undergrowth of the rainforest image by Elmo Palmer from Fotolia.com)

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