A degree in biology can open many career doors. Biology is the study life and the effect that changes have on life. Biology specialisations include microbiology, biochemistry and marine biology. Most biology careers require a bachelor's degree for consideration, but some require a graduate degree to advance.
Biochemists conduct research to determine the effects of substances such as drugs, food and hormones on living organisms. Most research positions require a PhD in biology. In 2008, there were 23,200 biochemists and biophysicists in the United States, and the Bureau of Labor Statistics estimates that this number will grow by 8,700 by 2018, a growth of 37 per cent. In 2009, wages for biochemists were between £29,243 and £90,233 with the highest concentration of workers in the scientific research and development fields.
Biological technicians assist biological scientists with research and laboratory testing. Technologists generally hold bachelor's degrees in biology although some employers will accept applicants with an associate degree. In 2009, wages ranged between £15,951 and £39,897 with a mean annual wage of £26,741. Technicians working in physicians' offices made the most, averaging £37,856 yearly.
College Biology Teacher
Minimum requirements to teach college biology classes include a bachelor's degree, although many colleges and universities require applicants to hold a PhD. Some college professors also hold research positions at the school where they teach. In 2009, there were 54,810 postsecondary biology teachers in the United States. Wages ranged from £26,689 to £100,763 and had a mean annual wage of £56,725. Texas had the highest salary averages at £74,860.
Agricultural and Food Scientist
A degree in biology will qualify you for many jobs in the field of agricultural science. Jobs for agricultural and food scientists include food scientists and technologists, plant scientists, soil scientists and animal scientists. In 2009, there were 2,190 animal scientists in the United States with an average annual wage of £69,992. There were 10,790 food scientists and technologists; the average wage was £41,840. The 11,830 soil and plant scientists had average annual wages of £42,367.
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- Bureau of Labor Statistics: 19-1021 Biochemists and Biophysicists
- Bureau of Labor Statistics: 19-4021 Biological Technicians
- Bureau of Labor Statistics: 25-1042 Biological Science Teachers, Postsecondary
- Bureau of Labor Statistics: 19-1011 Animal Scientists
- Bureau of Labor Statistics: 19-1012 Food Scientists and Technologists
- Bureau of Labor Statistics: 19-1013 Soil and Plant Scientists