Among the most recognisable features of ancient Greek architecture are columns and friezes. Greek architecture incorporates three orders of columns -- Doric, Ionic and Corinthian. Doric columns, like those on the Parthenon, are plain structures with just a crown and shaft. Found just above the columns, friezes are sculptural bands that add a decorative touch to the classical buildings. Teach children about Greek architecture by having them create columns and friezes in the style of the ancient structures.
Have children build a model of the Parthenon, an ancient monument for the goddess Athena Parthenos. Hang a large picture of the Parthenon on the wall for children to study while they craft a replica of it. Sculpt the structure using modelling clay, salt dough or other mouldable paste. Allow children to use their hands to mould the material into the appropriate shapes to replicate the Parthenon. Sculpt the Doric columns around an internal support like a thin dowel rod, pencil or straw and then place them on the building's foundation. Make a lightweight roof of white construction paper and lay it across the columns.
3-D Paper Model
Teach children to create a 3-D structure in a classical Greek style. Make a model of a temple or monument by folding paper into geometric shapes and then gluing together those shapes. Use a large sheet of card stock or other stiff paper. Cut and fold the paper into appropriate shapes for columns, foundation, steps and roof; glue the edges where necessary to hold the shape. Use markers to draw on features like a frieze above the columns.
Make an architectural frieze featuring characters from Greek mythology as a project for children. A frieze is a band of sculpture that is long and narrow; it sits above the columns at the top of ancient Greek buildings. Use modelling clay or create salt dough as the medium. Form a solid 1-by-2-foot base of clay or salt dough that is about 1 inch thick. Have children carve scenes in the base using tools like plastic knives and spoons. Use extra pieces to make objects and characters that protrude from the base in relief form.
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