How to make a pond for ducks

Written by richard toole
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How to make a pond for ducks
Feeding ducks in your own backyard duck pond can be an enjoyable hobby. (Jupiterimages/Comstock/Getty Images)

If you have some extra land on your property and you wish to attract wild waterfowl or perhaps raise some ducks of your own, you should consider building a duck pond. Building a duck pond is not as difficult as you might think, especially due to the fact that ponds for ducks should be much more shallow than a fish pond. There is no need to dig your pond more than 30 inches deep, which will allow you to finish your project much sooner.

Skill level:

Things you need

  • Hose or string
  • Shovel
  • Tape measure
  • Sand
  • Cattails
  • Duck weed

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  1. 1

    Lay out the shape of your pond using string or a length of garden hose. Lay the string or hose on the ground and adjust it until you have the shape you want for your pond.

  2. 2

    Mark the shape of an island in the middle of the pond with another piece of string. Ducks will roost and nap on the island, which will give them protection from predators. Make your island at least 36 to 48 inches in diameter so the ducks will have adequate space.

  3. 3

    Edge around the outline of the pond and the island with a shovel. Remove the string or hose once you can clearly see the outlined edges of the pond and island.

  4. 4

    Dig out the pond to a depth of 30 inches. Duck ponds should be fairly shallow, unlike fish ponds. Dig out the entire area around the island and around the outside perimeter of the pond.

  5. 5

    Fill in the bottom of the pond with a 2-inch layer of sand. This will keep the pond from draining too quickly.

  6. 6

    Fill the pond slowly with water. Adding the water too fast will cause the water to become cloudy as it stirs up sediment from the bottom.

  7. 7

    Plant some cattails around the edges of the pond. This will give the pond more of a marsh-like feeling, which may attract more wild ducks to your pond.

  8. 8

    Place some duckweed in the water. Duckweed is a floating, aquatic plant that many common species of ducks, such as wood ducks and mallards, eat. You can find duckweed at natural lakes or ponds, or you can even buy it from growers.

  9. 9

    Place a floating log or two in the water of your pond. Ducks will stand and nap on the logs, and some ducks like to hide behind the logs.

Tips and warnings

  • Make sure the pond is in a flat area that is not near any underground cables or pipes. Try to find an area near an oak tree if you have one on your property, because many ducks will eat acorns as a food source.

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