Gooseberry bushes are fast-growing shrubs that can reach a metre in height. These bushes have green stems with glossy dark green leaves, green and pink flowers, and green fruits. The fruit is about the same size as a cherry, but some gooseberries may be as large as a small plum. Gooseberry bushes are fairly easy to care for with some basic maintenance.
Plant gooseberry bushes in a mostly sunny place with well-drained soil for optimal care. Apply a thick layer of mulch or organic materials to help keep the soil cool in the summer and warm in the winter.
Keep gooseberry bushes well irrigated. They have shallow roots and will collapse quickly if the soil becomes waterlogged. That said, the gooseberry benefits from consistent watering all season long. Check the soil with your fingers. If the soil is dry, water the plant. If it is still damp, leave the plant alone.
Fertilise your gooseberry bush with a potassium and magnesium rich fertiliser. Check fertiliser bags for components. Apply a layer of fertiliser according to the package's directions.
Prune gooseberry bushes every February. Remove dead and dying branches and snap off branches 15 cm from the ground or lower for optimal growth. Do not begin pruning new bushes until they are at least four years old. New plants need time to develop their branches unmolested.
Look out for pests such as aphids, spider mites and caterpillars. Aphids will attack and distort the gooseberry bush's leaves. They come in a variety of colours, but almost all have fat, pear-shaped bodies with several tube-like back protrusions. If you see these tiny bugs crawling on your gooseberry plant, mix 2 tbsp of washing-up liquid in a spray bottle of warm water and spray the gooseberry plant. This spray will kill aphids quickly.
Spider mites will cause the stems to wilt and die, but they are hard to see. Look for small brown or yellow dots on gooseberry leaves for signs of this pest. If you suspect an infestation, spray equal parts rubbing alcohol and warm water onto the plant to kill them off.
Caterpillars will eat through leaves, which will interfere with the plant's ability to grow. Hand pick caterpillars off the plant as you find them.
Keep an eye out for mildew, a white powdery residue that grows on leaves and fruits. Cut out any parts of the plant affected with mildew to prevent it from spreading. Spray a mixture of diluted camomile tea over the plant to kill further developing mildew.
Protect your bush from sparrows, which love to peck at young gooseberry fruits. Buy cotton thread to spin around the branches of the bush for some protection.