Wild pigs, hogs and boars are intelligent animals with a keen sense of smell. Trapping or snaring them requires you to outsmart the strong survival instincts of these animals. Properly scouting common trails and locations for wild pigs for weeks before installing a trap prevents you from scaring the animals away from the area for long periods of time. Whether you are trapping for sport or to keep the animals from your crops, you must know your catch before setting snares.
- Skill level:
- Moderately Challenging
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Things you need
- Diesel fuel
- Hog traps or snares
- Sheep or cattle panels
- Hog in heat scent
Scout the area thoroughly before placing your trap. Look for signs of well-worn wild pig or boar trails, frequently leading from heavily wooded areas to open feeding fields. Look for areas that could be wallows or rubs for them.
Bait the area before placing the trap. Lay out several ears of corn in the area where you have noticed wild pig tracks. This will keep the pigs coming to this area before you install your trap.
Purchase or build a wild pig trap or snare. You can purchase or build leg and neck snares, as well as full cages. Additionally, you can build a trap out of cattle or sheep panels. Cut the panels into equal pieces and weld them together or join them with strong wire to make the top and sides of the trap. Create a guillotine door from the remaining panel piece. This door has a frame that attaches to the sides of the trap with hinges. Stretch a trip wire across the entrance to the trap and connect it to a latch on the hinge. When the wild pigs trip the wire, it releases a latch on the hinge and the door drops downward, trapping the pig.
Install your trap in a shaded area at the site of heavy wild pig traffic. Without adequate shade, hogs can quickly die inside the trap. Attach the trap to the ground using a T-stake to secure it.
Put corn inside, in the very back portion of the cage, to bait the trap. If you put the corn too close to the door, the wild pigs can eat it before entering the cage, without releasing the trip mechanism. Place ears of corn around the immediate area to lead them to the trap. If you have raccoons in the area, put a small amount of diesel on the corn before baiting the area. This will keep the raccoons away from the bait and not hurt the wild pigs.
Cover the trap with branches, shrubs and other foliage in the area to disguise it. Wild pigs are highly intelligent and can recognise differing patterns in their vision.
Use the pig in heat scent spray around the area after you have fully installed the trap. Wild pigs have a highly acute sense of smell and any trace of human scent in the area can scare them away for long periods of time. Avoid adding any additional scent to the area by not urinating, smoking or spitting in the area. Leave as little trace of your presence as possible.
Check the traps at least twice a week. In the summer, check the traps at least three times a week, as high temperatures can cause the wild pigs to expire of dehydration more quickly.
Tips and warnings
- Do not install traps or snares near an area where there are domesticated animals.
- Check your state regulations about wild pig snaring and trapping, as well as the transportation of feral animals.
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