Step-by-Step: How to Make Penguins

Penguins are birds that are more at home in the water than in the air. Penguins are flightless birds with distinctive black and white markings. According to National Geographic, penguins spend most of their time in the water except when its time to breed. One species, the Emperor Penguin, is the only animal that winters in Antarctica. The birds huddle together for 65 days in the icy temperatures to incubate their eggs. Use simple step-by-step instructions to draw your own penguins. Use drawing paper and a pencil with an eraser.

Draw a vertical oval on your drawing paper with a pencil. This will become the body of the penguin. You will go back later to erase any unwanted lines.

Add a small circle to the top of the oval, overlapping them slightly. This will be the head of the penguin. Draw a narrow triangular beak coming out of the middle of the right side of the head. Add a small circle in the centre of the head for the eye.

Draw elongated U shapes on either side of the penguin's body. These will be the wings and they should have a narrow end. Penguin wings look similar to flippers.

Add an oval in the centre of the body, from just below the head to the bottom of its body. The oval should almost be as wide as its body. This is the white area of the penguin.

Draw two upside down "V" shapes side-by-side at the bottom of the penguin. These will be the feet. Add a "M" underneath each upside "V." These are the toes on the penguin's feet.

Darken your pencil lines and erase any unwanted markings. Repeat the steps to draw more penguins.


Use the side of your pencil to shade in the black areas of your penguin. The black areas are nearly everywhere except the white breast and belly area. Experiment with different poses of your penguin by drawing it from many angles.

Things You'll Need

  • Drawing paper
  • Pencil
  • Eraser
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About the Author

Charong Chow has been writing professionally since 1995. Her work has appeared in magazines such as "Zing" and "Ocean Drive." Chow graduated from the University of Miami with a Bachelor of Arts in philosophy. She also received a Bachelor of Fine Arts from the California Institute of the Arts.