The European hornbeam tree is native to Asia and Europe. Although it isn't often grown in the U.S., it is hardy between the U.S. Department of Agriculture zones 4 and 7. The European hornbeam grows up to 60 feet tall, with a 40-foot-wide spread. European hornbeam grows best in alkaline soils with full to partial sun. It needs minor pruning to keep the branches in check while it grows.
Cut off any dead, damaged or diseased branches from the European hornbeam tree as it occurs. Use the pruners or loppers to cut off the branches. Cut the branch off at the branch collar, the bulge where the branch meets the truck.
Remove the lower branches of European hornbeam tree while it is young, about 2 to 3 years old, if it is a street tree. Cut off the branches at the branch collar, leaving a clearance of at least 6 feet below the crown of the tree.
Remove any crowded or crossing branches from the European hornbeam tree. Cut the branches off at the branch collar with the loppers or the pruners.
Cut back any overreaching branches from the tree. Cut the branches back to the last bud within the same spread as the rest of the branches. Use the pruners.