Drawing a bedroom is often one of the first challenges given to students to teach them about perspective drawing. By using a familiar subject matter and a room with a regular shape, students can quickly develop an understanding of how the concepts of vanishing points and converging parallel lines can create the sense of three dimensions on a flat sheet of paper.
- Skill level:
- Moderately Challenging
Things you need
- Drawing board
- Set square
Draw diagonal lines linking the corners of the paper, forming a cross in the centre of the page. The cross forms your 'vanishing point,' the point on which all the lines showing depth in your drawing will converge if they are extended.
Draw a rectangle centred on the cross with the diagonal lines passing through its corners. Draw it roughly half the size of the page. This is the back wall of the bedroom.
Position any windows you want to draw on the walls. On the back wall, draw the window just as a straightforward rectangle. For windows on the side walls or in the ceiling, you will have to create perspective. Draw the edge that is closest to you first; this will be an exact horizontal line in the ceiling, or an exact vertical line in the wall. Draw the line using the sliding ruler on the drawing board or the set square positioned on the sliding ruler. Line your ruler up between one end of this line and the vanishing point and draw a line of a suitable length for the edge of the window. Do the same from the other end of the first line and join the ends up with another exactly vertical or horizontal line. You will see that the window 'tapers,' giving a sense of depth.
Add the rest of the furniture using a similar method. First draw the face of the furniture which is facing you, such as the foot of a bed or the side of a wardrobe. Then draw the depth lines lined up with the vanishing point and finally join the ends of the depth lines with more horizontal or vertical lines.
Draw pencil lines radiating from a point on any light sources to objects that will block the light and cause shadows. Stick to one light source to begin with and position it on one of the walls or very near the vanishing point. Draw the lines from the light source, passing through the outer corners of the face of the object that faces the light, to the point on the wall or floor where the shadow will be cast. Join the ends of these lines and the corners of the object touching the surface where the shadow is cast to define the edges of the shadow.
Erase all construction and guide lines and add colour and shading for the shadows. Using a dark colour that slowly lightens as the surface comes closer to the viewer will enhance the sense of perspective.
Tips and warnings
- If this is your first try, be sparing on the details and confine yourself to square and rectangular faced objects. Otherwise it can be hard not to let the drawing become distorted.
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