Learning how to draw animals can be a difficult task. When drawing live animals, proportions are very important, and if the artist is not able to get them right, the drawing may look unrealistic. Horses are a good subject to practice on because their faces can be drawn by using basic shapes to define the outline. By using a diamond shape, lines, and circles the artist can construct a horse's head with the right proportions to make it look both accurate and lifelike.
- Skill level:
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Things you need
- Blank paper
Draw a diagonal line on a blank sheet of paper using a pencil. This line is the centre line that runs down the horse's face from between the ears to the tip of its nose. The angle of the line will determine the angle at which the horse is holding its head, and the length of the line determines the size of the horse's face. For starters, begin with a line several inches long.
Draw a horizontal line across the diagonal about three-quarters of the way from the bottom of the line. This line will determine the placement of the horse's eyes and it should be about half as long as the diagonal line.
Create a diamond or kite shape by connecting all four points of the two lines. This outline will provide you with the basic shape for your horse's face.
Draw a large circle intersecting with the kite shape. The circle should be drawn from the left corner of the kite shape and extend about halfway past the right corner of the kite. The top of the circle should almost meet the top corner of the kite shape, and the bottom should fall almost even with the bottom corner.
Draw a small circle below the large circle. The small circle should enclose the bottom corner of the kite shape, and its outline should rest against the outline of the larger circle at a position of about 45 degrees from the top of the smaller circle. The large circle will provide you with an outline for the horse's cheek, and the smaller circle will outline its nose.
Use the horizontal line inside the kite shape to draw in your horse's eye. Because of the angle of the drawing, only one of your horse's eyes is visible. Draw a circle just inside the right corner of the kite shape and sketch in the lids and the corners of the eye.
Draw in your horse's ears above and to the left and right of the top corner of the kite shape. Draw in your horse's forehead and part of its neck to guide your placement of the ears. Starting at the point of the left corner of the kite, draw an arc that flows between the horse's ears and crests almost at a level with the left edge of the larger circle.
Sketch in the horse's nostrils. Based on the angle of your drawing, one full nostril should be placed just to the left of centre in the smaller circle and a partially visible nostril even with the first along the outside edge of the small circle.
Sketch in the horse's mouth below the nostrils, then define the shape of your horse's face by darkening some lines and erasing others.
Draw an eye ridge at the left corner of the kite shape then draw a sloping line from the bottom of the ridge to the partial nostril. The angle of this slope should be slightly less steep than the angle of the kite shape. Erase the lines inside the circles and the kite shape, and sketch in the horse's jaw by drawing a line connecting the outside bottom edges of the smaller and larger circles.
Tips and warnings
- Draw the shapes used to create the outline of your horse's face very lightly in pencil so you can draw over them or erase them when your drawing is complete.
- After completing the outline of your horse's head, you may use your pencil to add shading details or use coloured pencils or markers to add colour.
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