Figure drawing requires you to develop a basic understanding of the principles of human anatomy and to construct guide lines for your drawing based on this understanding. An overweight person can have the same underlying bone structure as an underweight person, and understanding this will improve your construction technique and ultimately improve your figure drawing as a whole. The bodily features of an overweight person can be extremely interesting for an artist to draw.
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Draw a stick figure posed in the position of the man you want to draw. However, do not draw the legs converging in an arrow at the body, nor the arms converging at the neck. Instead draw horizontal lines for the shoulders and hips and join the arms and legs to these.
Draw oblongs around each line to get the general human shape. Now decide what kind of build of person you want to draw. Some people put on weight almost exclusively around the stomach and hips, making their upper bodies into a kind of pear shape. Draw this pear shape around the oblongs that make up the hips and shoulder/chest area, with the bulge at the bottom and the narrow end at the top.
Add bulk to different areas, depending on the exact body shape you are looking for. Some people put on fat around the chest, so expand the oval here. Remember that in some people fat sags toward the bottom of a body section, where the skin is loose. In other people, the stomach expands more like a balloon. Pay attention to these features when bulking out the construction.
Draw the actual figure shape over the construction ovals. Remember that fat tends to obscure the definition of the muscles, so try to show this in the drawing. Also, depending on the pose, the excess fat can bunch around the joints and obscure these. Base your drawing on observation to get the shapes accurate.
Draw on the clothes and skin.Clothing in drawings, as in real life, can hide or accentuate body fat. A straight cut or loose cut of clothing will conceal the bulges, and vertical stripes will draw the eye in such a way as to give the appearance of slenderness. Tight-fitting clothes, horizontal stripes and spots will do the opposite. The skin, especially around the face, requires close attention. Look at the way fat settles in the cheeks and neck, creating jowls and rounded cheeks. Draw these features on, paying attention to the way shadow accentuates them.
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