FileZilla is a program for transferring files to or from a directory on a Web server using the File Transfer Protocol. Set the program up to connect to the Web server you host your Joomla! site on and use it to transfer files or perform other operations such as making directories, deleting files and directories and other file system operations. FileZilla is a free, open source program used by millions of people including Joomla! website developers and administrators.
- Skill level:
- Moderately Easy
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Things you need
- FTP user name
- FTP password
Double-click on the FileZilla icon or select it from the start menu. FileZilla will start and display the local hard disk directory structure on the left side of the window.
Enter the domain name of your website or the IP address in the "Host" field. Do not include the "http://" part of the address, just the domain name. For example, "mycoolsite.com" is a domain name and "192.168.2.1" is an Internet Protocol address. If your domain name hasn't been assigned yet, use the IP address provided by your hosting company.
Fill in the "Username" field at the top of the screen with your FTP user name. Use the exact spelling and character case as the FTP user name issued by your hosting service provider.
Enter your FTP password in the "Password" field at the top of the screen. Use the exact spelling and character case as the password issued by your hosting service provider.
Enter the FTP port number in the "Port" field if your hosting provider uses a port other than 21. Most users will leave this field blank as 21 is the default port. Only enter a port number if your hosting provider uses a port other than 21.
Click on the "Edit" menu, then click on "Settings." Select "File Types" under "Transfers" on the left side of the settings window. Click the "Binary" radio button on the right side at the top of the window. This setting ensures that binary files such as archives and backup files transfer properly. If such files are accidentally treated as ASCII files, they may become corrupted during transfer. Having this set correctly is especially important for uploading Joomla! installation files, Joomla! extension packages and downloading backup files.
Click on the "OK" button at the bottom of the settings window to save the settings. Click the "Quick Connect" button to the right of the host, username, password and port fields previously entered. FileZilla will connect to your Joomla! website root directory on the server and display the file structure in the right side of the window.
Click on the "File" menu, then click on "Copy Current Connection to the Site Manager." This saves your settings and allows you to select them the next time you use FileZilla from the Site Manager. Just click "File" then "Site Manager" or press "Ctrl - S."
Tips and warnings
- Remember that if you change the FTP password on your hosting company's server, you will have to make the same change in FileZilla. Open the Site Manager and enter the new password. The Secure File Transfer Protocol, or SFTP, uses port 22. If your provider allows SFTP ensure you set the port to 22.
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