Epifanes clear varnish application directions

Written by gus stephens
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Epifanes clear varnish application directions
Epifane's Clear Varnish protects wooden boats and yachts from marine elements. (Hemera Technologies/AbleStock.com/Getty Images)

Among wooden boat and yacht owners, Epifanes Clear Varnish is widely considered the gold standard for protective and appearance-enhancing varnish. It provides the longest usable life of any available marine varnish. Epifanes Clear Varnish is a single-component coating and requires only thinning before application of undercoats. Made with tung oil and urethane resins, Epifanes also contains a superior grade of ultraviolet filters. Yearly unthinned top-up coats keep UV protectants fresh and protect the wood from degrading effects of sunlight.

Skill level:
Moderately Easy

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Things you need

  • Natural bristle paint brush
  • Sandpaper ranging from 60- to 400-grit
  • Clean rags

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Instructions

    General Preparation

  1. 1

    Make sure the surface is clean, dry and degreased. If necessary, use Epifanes Paint And Varnish Thinner or denatured alcohol on a cloth to remove grease.

  2. 2

    Sand bare wood with 60- to 80-grit dry sandpaper, following the grain of the wood. Finish sanding with a 100-to 120-grit dry sandpaper.

  3. 3

    Stain the wood at this point, if desired, with quality oil- or water-based stain.

    First Coat

  1. 1

    Hand sand the wood after staining with 220-grit dry sandpaper. Do not use a power sander.

  2. 2

    Thin the appropriate quantity of Epifanes Clear Varnish to a two-to-one ratio with Epifanes Paint And Varnish thinner.

  3. 3

    Use a clean, natural bristle brush to apply the varnish. For large, flat areas, a roller may be used.

  4. 4

    Allow the first coat to dry for 24 hours.

    Second Coat

  1. 1

    Hand sand the dried first coat with 280-grit dry sandpaper.

  2. 2

    Thin an appropriate quantity of Epifanes Clear Varnish to a ratio of four-to-one with Epifanes Paint And Varnish thinner.

  3. 3

    Use a clean, natural bristle brush to apply the varnish. For large flat areas, a roller may be used.

  4. 4

    Allow the second coat to dry for 24 hours.

    Third Coat

  1. 1

    Hand sand the dried second coat with 320-grit dry sandpaper.

  2. 2

    Thin an appropriate quantity of Epifanes Clear Varnish to a ratio of six-to-one with Epifanes Paint And Varnish thinner.

  3. 3

    Use a clean, natural bristle brush to apply the varnish. For large flat areas, a roller may be used.

  4. 4

    Allow the third coat to dry for at least 24 hours.

    Subsequent Coats

  1. 1

    Apply a minimum of 4 more coats. Thin the next coat of Epifanes Clear Varnish to a ratio of 20-to-one with Epifanes Paint And Varnish Thinner and further decrease the amount of thinner with each subsequent coat. Do not thin the final two coats.

  2. 2

    Sand between coats with 320- to 400-grit dry sandpaper.

  3. 3

    Apply a total of 12 to 14 coats if you are applying an initial basecoat of varnish.

  4. 4

    Maintain the surface by annual application of one or two coats of unthinned Epifanes Clear Varnish to clean, degreased existing varnish which has been lightly sanded.

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