Many owners easily train their dogs through positive reinforcement -- treats, affection or praise. Some dogs, however, are stubborn or too excitable and require punishment to learn that a behaviour is undesirable. The shock collar is one punishment method for training stubborn or excitable dogs. The owner puts the collar on the dog and controls it with a remote control. When the dog performs an undesirable behaviour, like pulling on the leash or barking, the owner pushes the button to shock the dog. Most collars have an option to emit a beep before shocking, so the dog can associate the beep with the shock. Eventually the owner can sound the beep and minimise the need to shock the dog.
Slip the slide buckle onto the collar with the ribbing facing up. Loop the end of the collar up through the slide buckle and thread the excess length of the collar through the slide buckle.
Test the collar size on your dog's neck and make any necessary adjustments with the slide buckle. It is too tight if you cannot slip a finger under a prong.
Remove the two screws on either side of the receiver (the shocking mechanism). Install the batteries, observing proper polarity. The big dog collar uses a 9 volt battery; the small dog collar uses a 6 volt battery.
Replace the screws on the receiver.
Turn on the receiver and choose an operating mode: Mode 1 is Automatic Shut-off after 45 minutes of inactivity; Mode 2 is Manual Shut-off. If you prefer Mode 1, look for the dot on the receiver and closely align it to the dot on the remote. Separate the receiver and the remote after three seconds or when you hear the short beep. If you prefer Mode 2, leave the receiver and the remote with the dots close and aligned for three more seconds or until you hear two short beeps.
Watch the training video that came with the shock collar.
Place the collar on your dog and begin training, but do not leave the collar on for very long. Regularly check your dog's neck for irritation. Make sure that the prongs are firmly (but not tightly) against the dog's neck.
Clean the probes with alcohol regularly.
Test the shock collar on yourself -- on your hand, arm or leg, not your neck -- to understand how it feels to your dog. Remember that it does hurt, so minimise shocks, and use a low setting as much as possible. Consider the length of your dog's coat when choosing the shock level. A dog with a very thick coat may not feel a low level shock, whereas using a high level on a short-haired dog is inappropriate.
Do not remove the cover or you will shock yourself. Do not get either component wet. Never shock a wet dog.