The dragon tree is part of the Dracaena genus, which includes 40 different species of plants, all in the Agave family. Dragon trees have long trunks with bunches of sword-like leaves at the end of the stems. Some dragon trees grow up to 9 metres (30 feet) tall in cultivation while others are smaller, only 2.4 metres (8 feet) tall. Pruning a dragon tree allows it to grow more stems and produce more foliage, giving the tree a fuller look.
Cut the dropping and sagging leaves from the lower part of the dragon tree. As the tree ages it sheds its bottom leaves. Removing them before they fall makes the tree look neater. Cut the leaves off with the pruners.
Examine the dragon tree. Decide where you want to create fuller growth along the trunk of the tree. Cutting a stem from the dragon's tree will create two new stems and fuller growth.
Cut the stems from the tree where you want fuller growth. Use the pruners to cut the stem as close to the tree as possible.
In the UK, the dragon tree should be grown under glass in loam-based potting soil. Place the plant in full light with moderate humidity.