The prostate gland produces a substance called prostate specific antigen (PSA), which is found in small amounts in the blood. PSA measurements of between 4 and 10 nanograms per millimetre (n/mm) have been linked to a 25% higher chance of prostate cancer. Although both sexes produce PSA, the smaller size of the prostate gland in females makes it less of a concern for women than men. Lowering your PSA level can help you reduce your risk of contracting prostate cancer, as well as improve your general health.
Change your diet. Eliminating or reducing meat consumption lowers the intake of saturated fat and thus helps reduce your PSA level. Similarly, increased consumption of foods such as whole grains, tomatoes and fish also help to prevent prostate cancer.
Exercise regularly. A steady workout routine helps to eliminate the threat of obesity, which increases your PSA level and your risk of prostate cancer.
Lower your stress level through relaxation techniques. These can include meditation, breathing exercises, yoga, massage and even keeping a journal and socialising with friends and family, all of which help lower your body's stress level and lead to a decreased production of PSA.
Take aspirin on a regular basis. Aspirin helps reduce the general size of the prostate and lower your production of PSA. Aspirin regiments have also lead to decreased PSA levels in people who have prostate cancer or are recovering from it.
- Science Daily: Men Who Take Aspirin Have Significantly Lower PSA Levels
- National Cancer Institute: Understanding Prostate Changes: A Health Guide for Men
- Hypertext: PROSTATE SPECIFIC ANTIGEN
- Mayo Clinic: PSA test
- Harvard University: PSA Survelliance
- University of California at San Francisco: Patient Education