Cognitive development focuses on teaching the child to process information, conceptualise, gain perspective and increase language abilities. The overall aim of cognitive development is to increase brain development and help the child to understand and relate to the world.
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Contact other parents. Parents who have gone through the experience of helping preschoolers with cognitive development can be an excellent resource. The parent will likely give honest advice and can explain what works and what does not. The parent, having gone through it, will have a different perspective than an academic person.
Contact a child psychologist. A child psychologist is an expert in a preschooler's cognitive development. She knows exactly what the child should be learning how to do, where the child is (in his own development) and what learning needs to take place. The psychologist can give an expert opinion on the best activities to do with the child and why they are important.
Read literature. There are many books on cognitive development, written by parents, teachers, doctors and other experts. The books will give examples of the best activities for children to strengthen specific skills. For example, a child may be good at visual perception but struggle with language.
Interact with the child. The best way to help a child with cognitive development is by interacting with the child. Observe the child in different environments and have the child interact with different objects. Talk to the child and explain things for him. For example, give the child three blocks and ask: "How many blocks do you have?" Or ask: "What colour are the blocks?"
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- Little Children: Cognitive Development Activities for 3 to 5 year olds
- Universal Preschool: Cognitive Development & A Typical Course of Study for Preschool
- Prentice Hall: Cognitive Development in the Preschool...
- Little Children: Cognitive Development activities
- "The Encyclopedia of Infant and Toddler Activities: Written by Teachers for Teachers;" Kathy Charner, Maureen Murphy and Charlie Clark; 2006
- "The Whole Child: Development Education for the Early Years;" Joanne Hendrick and Patricia Weissman; 2005