Honeysuckle is a rapidly growing, warm-season vine that needs a vertical support structure to grow up. If you have a wood slat fence, you can plant honeysuckle at the base and within one to two growing seasons, the fence will be covered in white, highly fragrant flowers. Although honeysuckle requires little care after planting, it does require regular pruning to prevent it from overtaking the surrounding landscape.
Wait until the early spring and monitor the fence for 24 hours before planting to ensure that it receives full to partial sunlight for at least half a day. If the fence has shady areas, do not plant honeysuckle there.
Till the soil near the fence using a garden tiller while being careful not to damage the wooden slats. Loosen the soil to at least an 8-inch depth.
Dig a hole that is 6 to 12 inches away from the wood fence and as large as the nursery pot the honeysuckle is in. Remove the honeysuckle from the pot and place the roots into the hole. Backfill the hole with soil and pat the top of the soil down gently with your hands. Plant additional honeysuckle vines in the same manner spacing them at 3-foot distances.
Spread a granular, time-release fertiliser, such as 10-10-10, over the ground at the time of planting using the dosage on the package. In subsequent years, apply the fertiliser once in early spring and again in midsummer.
Spread a 2-inch layer of mulch over the ground but keep it pulled back 1 inch from the base of the vines. The mulch prevents moisture from evaporating in the summer months.
Water the soil under the honeysuckle vines until it is wet to an 8- or 10-inch depth. After planting, water every one to two days until it begins to grow, then water only during periods of drought.
Tie the honeysuckle vines to the wooden fence using 24-inch long pieces of gardening tape. Wrap the tape around the vine and then tie the free ends in a knot behind one of the fence slats. Once you see the vine cling to the slat by itself, you can cut away the tape with scissors.
Wait until the honeysuckle vines are two years old and begin pruning them by cutting them back by one-third in the winter using hand pruners.