# How to Set Up and Evaluate the Results From the Likert Scale For Public School Teachers

Written by jacqueline harbaugh
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A Likert scale is a one-dimensional scale usually measuring a range of agreement or disagreement or frequency of an activity. It can measure correlation between items on a survey, but cannot determine causation. In education, a Likert scale can be used to give valuable data to teachers, from evaluating activities that students are more willing to participate in to student learning styles. The Likert scale may also be used to help students with self-assessments and reflection.

Skill level:
Moderate

## Setting Up a Likert Scale

1. 1

Determine what you would like to measure with your students. For self-assessments, you could have them do an assessment before teaching a concept to evaluate their understanding of the concept and pinpoint knowledge gaps. You might also create surveys for students to evaluate class activities they enjoy as opposed to class activities they don't enjoy.

2. 2

Create items for the Likert scale. Be sure that the statements are aligned with your scale. If the scale determines agreement, then all questions or statements should be ones that you agree or disagree with or if you have a scale that evaluates level of understanding, then be sure that all of your items fit within the scale.

3. 3

Use statements that relate to or are similar to one another as well as other statements pertaining to the information you wish to gain. For example, you might have an item such as "I read at home" with a frequency response (frequently, infrequently, never) paired with a later question that is similar, "I read in my free time," and compare the two responses. This can help filter questions that may elicit certain answers because of wording.

4. 4

Set-up a document that includes your Likert scale at the top with instructions:

Example:

Circle the number by each statement that best represents your level of agreement.

Strongly Agree = 1

Agree = 2

Neutral = 3

Disagree = 4

Strongly Disagree = 5

5. 5

Place the items in your chosen order after the directions.

Example:

Circle the number by each statement that best represents your level of agreement.

Strongly Agree = 1

Agree = 2

Neutral = 3

Disagree = 4

Strongly Disagree = 5

1. I like group activities. 1 2 3 4 5

2. I dislike working alone. 1 2 3 4 5

## Evaluating the Likert Scale

1. 1

Transfer the information you gain from administering the survey to students to spreadsheet software. Each survey item should appear on its own row with each number (1-5) of the Likert scale as a column header.

2. 2

Total the responses for each item and place them in the appropriate column.

3. 3

Using the chart features in the spreadsheet program, you can view all items at once in a chart or graph or you can view one item's responses or even make a chart to compare two or more specific items.

4. 4

Look for patterns in the data. Are there items that seem to correlate with one another?

5. 5

Evaluate what these correlations mean for the students and whether or not there are practical adjustments you can make to help students improve in the given area. For instance, if there are many students who feel that they excel in groups and in reading, then you might consider structuring the class to include group reading activities for 20 minutes a day. If you find that most students do not read at home, then you could create a homework sheet that requires a parent to sign that his child is reading at home.

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