A large waste-oil heater will heat a large shop or home. To heat a smaller space, you can adapt and adjust plans from larger heaters. By using a smaller burner, fuel supply and metal tank, you can modify a waste-oil heater to use in a smaller space. Less heat will radiate from the sides of a smaller heater and it will burn less fuel. Making a small waste-oil heater will require welding and cutting metals, some maths and the right tools.
- Skill level:
Things you need
- Small hot water tank
- Cutting torch
- 2 x 1.5 cm (1/2 inch) bulkhead fittings
- Steel plate
- Fire rope and adhesive
- Furnace vent and fittings (smaller is better)
- Hose clamps to fit furnace vent
- 5 cm (1/2 inch) tubing
- Angle iron for legs (3 x 15 cm (6 inch) sections)
- Damper (for vent)
- Heavy-duty plastic pail (with lid)
- Heavy steel plate or pot (20 cm (8 inch) round, 1 cm (3/8 inch) thick)
- Drill or drill press
- 1.5 cm (1/2 inch) bit
- 15 cm (6 inch) long bolts (3) 1.5 cm (1/2 inch) round
- 6 nuts
- 3 crush washers
- Adjustable valve (to fit 1.5 cm (1/2 inch) line)
Cut a small round hole in the top of the water heater tank. Cut a round piece of steel that slightly overlaps the hole. Mount one of the 1.5 cm (1/2 inch) bulkhead fittings in the centre of the steel plate. Weld the plate over the regulator hole, ensuring all gaps are sealed.
Weld the legs to the bottom of the water heater tank.
Cut an access door in the side of the tank. Cut a piece of the steel plate to fit it with a 3 cm (1-inch) overlap on all sides. Unless the plate is fairly thin (in which case you may be able to bend it to the profile of the tank), you will have to fit risers around the sides of the hole to allow the flat door to seal. Bolt or weld on the hinges, and seal the door opening with fire rope. Cut the access door large enough to allow the round piece of plate steel to fit through it.
Cut a hole in the top rear of the burner for the vent. Weld in a short (about 10 cm (4 inch) ) piece of pipe for the vent.
Make a damper and air inlet for the burner. You can cut a hole and weld in another pipe and put an adjustable cover on it, or make a sliding port at the bottom of the door with the leftover plate steel.
Drill three 1.5 cm (1/2 inch) holes near the outside of the thick piece of plate steel, spaced equally around the edges. Using these holes as a pattern, drill three corresponding holes in the bottom of the water heater tank. Fasten the bolts facing upward into the tank and fasten them in place inside the tank using the 1.5 cm (1/2 inch) nuts and crush washers. Run the three other nuts about 1.5 cm (1/2-inch) down the threads of the bolts and place the round piece of plate steel over the bolts (it will end up suspended about 14 cm (5 1/2 inches) above the bottom of the tank.
Attach a piece of the vent to the vent pipe with a pipe clamp (you can change the direction of the vent with a fitting if you need to -- the vent does not need to be straight at this point). Attach the 1.5 cm (1/2 inch) tubing to the bulkhead fitting in the top of the tank and wrap it around the vent five or six times. This will warm the oil before it hits the fire.
Attach the other bulkhead fitting to the bottom of the plastic bucket. Locate the heater where you want it and vent it to the outdoors. Position the bucket higher than the heater and attach the adjustable valve in the 1.5 cm (1/2 inch) line just outside the bucket. Attach the 1.5 cm (1/2 inch) line to the bucket. Fill the bucket with oil and you are ready to heat.
Tips and warnings
- You will have to preheat your small waste oil burner. You can use a small wood fire.
- Exercise care when using a heater with an open flame indoors.
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