To achieve a scalloped texture in crochet, you use a shell stitch. The shell stitch is a cluster of tall stitches, usually double crochet stitches, placed into a single stitch to form a fan. The fan resembles a scallop shell, which gives the stitch its name. The shell stitch forms a wave on the edges of blankets when used in a single row, but it can also form a solid fabric when staggered and combined with single crochet stitches between the shells. If you apply both techniques you can crochet an entire blanket with a scallop texture throughout.
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Things you need
- 851gr. worsted weight yarn
- Size H crochet hook
- Yarn needle
Take the end of the yarn and form a slip knot to place on your crochet hook. See Resources if you need to review slip knots for crochet.
Review basic crochet stitches for the chain stitch, single crochet stitch and double crochet stitch, which will be used in this blanket pattern.
Wrap the yarn around the hook and pull it through the loop on the hook to form a chain stitch.
Make chain stitches until you reach the width you want for the blanket, counting the stitches as you go. The number of chain stitches you need for the shell pattern is a multiple of six plus two stitches.
Single crochet into the second chain from the hook.
Skip the next two chain stitches, then place five double crochet stitches in the next stitch.
Skip the next two chain stitches and single crochet in the next stitch.
Repeat steps 6 and 7 for the length of your chain. You will end with a single crochet in the last stitch on the chain. Turn the work.
The Starting Row
Chain three stitches, which will count as the first double crochet stitch of this row and make two double crochet stitches into the first stitch.
Skip two double crochet stitches and single crochet into the centre stitch of the shell on the previous row.
Skip two double crochet stitches and place five double crochet stitches in the single crochet stitch between the shells on the previous row.
Repeat steps 2 and 3 across the row. Turn the work.
Chain one stitch and single crochet into the first stitch.
Skip two double crochet stitches and place five double crochet stitches in the next single crochet stitch.
Skip two double crochet stitches and single crochet into the centre double crochet of the shell on the previous row.
Repeat steps 6 and 7 across the row. Turn the work.
Repeat steps 1 to 8 until the blanket is the length you need. End with step 8, but do not turn the work.
The Scallop Shell Pattern
Hold the work so the sides of the rows face up and work the pattern of stitches in the next steps into the sides of the blanket stitches. The double crochet rows count as two stitches, the single crochet rows count as one.
Chain one stitch and single crochet into the side of the first stitch at the corner.
Skip two stitches and place five double crochet in the next stitch to form a shell.
Skip two stitches and single crochet in the next stitch.
Repeat steps 3 and 4 across the edge of the blanket. End with a single crochet in the next corner.
Repeat step 5 two more times to place scallop edging on three sides of the blanket. The fourth side, the last row, already has the scallop edging from the blanket pattern.
Insert the hook in the corner stitch when you come back around to the last row on the blanket. Loop the yarn over the hook and pull it through.
Chain one stitch, pull up a 6-inch loop of yarn and cut the loop in the middle to fasten off. Weave in the yarn tail with the yarn needle.
Tips and warnings
- An alternative way to form a shell stitch is to place three double crochet stitches instead of five in one stitch.
- A split shell stitch takes up the same amount of space as a five double crochet shell. It consists of two double crochet stitches, a chain stitch and two more double crochet stitches all in one stitch. This creates a more open fabric.
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