How to Write a Harvard Style Bibliography

Written by fahlen brown
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How to Write a Harvard Style Bibliography
References must be cited correctly to avoid plagiarism. (Books image by explicitly from Fotolia.com)

When writing reports, articles or papers that require information from outside sources, it is important to correctly reference each source used. Failing to correctly reference sources may be grounds for an accusation of plagiarism. Using the Harvard Style of referencing to write a bibliography ensures that all sources and influences are properly referenced in your work. Writing a bibliography presents the sources in an organised way.

Skill level:
Moderate

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Instructions

  1. 1

    Type the author's surname as a start to the reference, with the first letter of the name capitalised. Follow the name with a comma.

  2. 2

    Type the author's initials in capital letters after the comma. Place periods after each capitalised letter. Follow the last period with a comma.

  3. 3

    Type the book's publication year. Follow it with a period.

  4. 4

    Type the full book title in italics. Capitalise the first word and any proper nouns in the title. Follow with a period.

  5. 5

    Type the edition number. Follow it with the abbreviation "ed" and a period. Skip this step if the book is a first edition.

  6. 6

    Type the place of publication. Follow it with a colon.

  7. 7

    Type the publisher, which is usually a company name. Follow it with a period.

  1. 1

    Type the author's surname as a start to the reference, with the first letter of the name capitalised. Follow the name with a comma.

  2. 2

    Type the author's initials in capital letters after the comma. Place periods after each capitalised letter. Follow the last period with a comma.

  3. 3

    Type the volume number. Type the issue number in brackets. Follow it with a comma.

  4. 4

    Type the page numbers of the journal article, prefaced by "pp." for more than one page, or "p." for a single page. Follow it with a period.

  1. 1

    Type the author's surname as a start to the reference, with the first letter of the name capitalised. Follow the name with a comma. Type the author's initials in capital letters after the comma. Place periods after each capitalised letter. Follow the last period with a comma.

  2. 2

    Type the paper's publication year. Follow it with a period. Type the full title of the conference paper. Capitalise the first word and any proper nouns in the title. Follow with a period.

  3. 3

    Type the title of the conference in italics. Follow it with a comma. Type the location of the conference. Follow it with a comma.

  4. 4

    Type the date. Follow it with a comma. Type the company name. Follow it with a colon.

  5. 5

    Type the place of publication. Follow it with a period.

  1. 1

    Type the author or source. Follow it with a comma. Type the year the website was launched. Follow it with a period.

  2. 2

    Type the title of the website. Follow it with "[Online]".

  3. 3

    Type the date of the website's most recent update. Put the date in brackets.

  4. 4

    Type the website address. Underline the website address.

  5. 5

    Type the date the website was accessed. Put the date in brackets. Follow it with a period.

  1. 1

    Type the author's surname as a start to the reference, with the first letter of the name capitalised. Follow the name with a comma.

  2. 2

    Type the author's initials in capital letters after the comma. Place periods after each capitalised letter. Follow the last period with a comma.

  3. 3

    Type "in press" and place it in parenthesis.

  4. 4

    Type the title of the work in italics. Follow it with a period.

  5. 5

    Type the publication company. Follow it with a period.

Tips and warnings

  • The bibliography should be listed in alphabetical order, by last names of the authors.
  • When referencing a table, diagram or picture, you must follow the format of the source used. For example, if you use information from a diagram in a book, you should follow the format for referencing a book.
  • When referencing a corporate publication, the name of the organisation will replace the name of the author.
  • Sometimes references will have incomplete information. If the year of publication is uncertain, place a question mark after the year. Publications with an unknown author are marked with "Anon" in place of the author's name. The phrase "s.l." is used when the location of the publication is unknown, and "s.n." is used when the name of the publisher is unknown.

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