How to Treat & Get Rid of Bed Bugs

Updated March 23, 2017

Bed bugs are small, oval and reddish-brown in colour and often resemble small cockroaches. While bed bugs are commonly found in beds, mattresses and box springs, they can also be found in cracks of furniture and textiles. Bed bugs are most active at night and feed off of human blood. Bed bug bites are painless but will leave noticeable raised bumps on areas of exposed skin such as the neck, arms, hands, and face. If you have been bitten by bed bugs, you need to get rid of them before an infestation occurs.

Clean all bed linens and mattresses. Wash bed linens in hot water of at least 54.4 degrees Celsius. If your mattress or box spring is torn or ripped, it would be best to throw them out since bed bugs may be living inside. Be sure to wrap the mattress or box spring in plastic before removing it so you don't spread bed bugs to other parts of your house. If your mattress is not ripped or torn, spray it with an insecticide such as Pyganic dust, Phantom Aerosol, Bedlam Aerosol or Temprid SC Insecticide. Then, scrub the mattress with a brush to remove any bed bugs or their eggs.

Treat baseboards and other furniture in the room. Wipe down baseboards, the bed frame and other furniture with an insecticide aerosol, liquid or dust specifically designed to treat bed bugs. Products include Cyzmic CS, Temprid SC, Bedlam Insecticide Aerosol, Phantom Aerosol and Pyganic Dust. Remove any drawers from furniture and wash all clothes inside. Spray the inside of the drawers with the insecticide.

Call an exterminator. Bed bugs can be extremely difficult to eradicate. If you try to treat the bed bugs yourself and you still find them, call a professional exterminator. They have more powerful products that they can use to get rid of the pests.


According to, treatment is usually not necessary for bed bug bites. If you have been bitten by bed bugs and the itching is severe, you can use an over-the-counter antihistamine or steroid creme. See a physician if an infection develops in areas that you have scratched.

Things You'll Need

  • Washing machine
  • Hot water
  • Insecticide
  • Scrubbing brush
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About the Author

Jennifer Allen obtained her Bachelor of Arts in economics and a Bachelor of Arts in political science, and has worked in finance since May 2006. She completed her Master of Arts in human resource management in December 2009. Allen has written a variety of articles that are published on various websites.