Bunk beds are two beds, one placed on top of the other, and are commonly used in camping quarters and children's bedrooms. The frames are usually made of either wood or metal and come in a variety of colours. One common type of metal frame is constructed of black tubular framing and can be assembled at home. If you do not have the assembly instructions for your black metal bunk bed frame, follow the standard assembly directions that can be used with most bunk beds.
- Skill level:
- Moderately Easy
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Things you need
- Adjustable wrench
- Flathead screwdriver
- Philips screwdriver
Check if you have all of the necessary pieces for assembly. Remove all pieces, including metal frame sections, nuts, bolts, washers and any tools or other hardware supplied with the bunk bed. Locate the parts list in the assembly instructions and make sure you have all the parts. If you are missing any parts, hardware or tools, contact the manufacturer of the bunk bed and request replacement parts.
Align the holes at the end of the bottom frame side rails with the holes on the side of the bottom posts. Insert the necessary bolts, washers and nuts and tighten the bolts with an adjustable wrench or the tightening tool supplied with your bunk bed to form the bottom of the bed frame. Some bunk bed kits do not require you to have your own adjustable wrench --- some kits supply you with the wrenches and screwdrivers required for assembly. Consult the assembly manual for instructions on how to use each tool.
Align the holes at the end of the top frame side rails with the holes on the side of the top posts. Insert the appropriate hardware, including bolts, washers and nuts. Tighten the bolts with an adjustable wrench or the tightening tool supplied with your bunk bed to form the top of the bed frame.
Align the safety rails, which may be referred to as crash barriers, with the appropriate holes on the side of the top bunk frame. Insert the appropriate hardware and tighten the bolts to secure the safety rails to the frame.
Equip the mattress fillers. The mattress filler is the underside of the frame on which the mattress lies. Some fillers are one solid piece that covers the entire bottom of the frame; others are many smaller pieces that attach to the bed frame one piece at a time. Align the holes of the bottom bunk mattress filler with the holes located on the inside lip of the frame, insert the appropriate hardware and tighten to secure. Align the holes of the top bunk mattress with the holes on the inside lip of the frame, insert the appropriate hardware and tighten.
Make sure all hardware is properly tightened. Safety first --- continue only if your top frame and bottom frame are sturdy and securely built.
Stack the frames. Ask for a helping hand and place the top bunk frame on top of the bottom bunk frame. Align the posts and join them together securely by inserting the appropriate hardware into the holes and tightening the bolts.
Attach the ladder to the appropriate location by aligning the holes of the ladder with the holes of the frame and tightening the appropriate hardware. Some ladders are located at the foot end of the bed, and others attach to the side of the bed, either at the head or foot end.
Tips and warnings
- These are general instruction on how to assemble a metal framed bunk bed. Consult your assembly manual for hardware installation and detailed instructions on hole alignment.
- Bunk beds have weight limits. Consult the assembly manual for weight specifications. Do not exceed the weight limit, or the frame may break.
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