How to Build Shotgun Stocks

Written by jacob buckenmeyer
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How to Build Shotgun Stocks
Shotgun stocks are easy to make with only a few supplies. (cdtirot5 image by Paco Ayala from

Most shotgun stocks are made from wood or composite. They are usually attached to the gun's action and barrel by a single screw and can be easily removed and replaced. Homemade stock designs are simple: All you need is somewhere to put your trigger hand, and a butt to place against your shoulder.

Skill level:

Things you need

  • 2-by-4 inch oak board
  • Pencil
  • Power drill
  • Jigsaw
  • Carving knife
  • Sandpaper
  • Varnish
  • Brush
  • Shotgun

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  1. 1

    Remove the existing stock. Unscrew the butt plate and remove the long bolt which bolts the stock to the rest of your firearm. You will use the factory stock as a model for your own.

  2. 2

    Sketch an outline of your stock onto the 2-by-4. Most shotgun stocks are about the same width as a 2-by-4. If you want a pistol grip stock, simply trace your factory stock outline onto the 2-by-4, but eliminate the rest of the stock from your design. If you want a butt on your stock, you can make it as long or as short as you like. Or come up with your own design.

  3. 3

    Cut the 2-by-4 along your drawn lines. Use the jigsaw to cut curved lines along your stock outline on the board. You now have the basic outline of your stock.

  4. 4

    Drill through the stock to attach it to the shotgun. Remember how the factory stock attached to the shotgun. Use the long bolt from your factory stock to fasten your new stock to the shotgun. Measure the depth and thickness of your new stock so that it lines up with the rest of the gun when you insert the bolt. You may need a drill bit extender to reach through a long stock, and you should use two different sized bits if you want the bolt bedded inside the stock.

  5. 5

    Carve down your rough-cut stock. When you fasten the 2-by-4 stock to your gun, you will probably see edges that stick out. The grip will probably feel too thick in your hand. Pencil in the changes you want, then carve away. Another benefit to making your own stock is that you can whittle it down to fit your hand and shoulder perfectly.

  6. 6

    Sand all the edges. You will likely have many rough edges, and possibly splinters sticking out of your stock. Use sand paper and maybe even a belt sander to smooth out all the curves.

  7. 7

    Apply varnish and let it dry. Coat your finished stock in varnish and set it aside to dry. You can skip this step if you like, but it takes only a little time and greatly improves the appearance of your work.

Tips and warnings

  • For more stock ideas, search online for the dozens of aftermarket products available to shotgun owners.
  • Always unload your firearm before cleaning, repairing or modifying its parts.
  • Always follow universal firearm handling precautions.
  • Use caution when using drills, saws and other power tools.

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