Bait stations provide a space to place bait intended to kill mice. They may be constructed to prevent spilling of bait and to keep it away from pets and children. Mouse bait stations can be purchased, but they are also easily made.
Cut a 3/4-inch hole in the centre of each long end of a cigar box.
Attach a hinge lock where the top meets the side of the box.
Label the bait station for safety. Clearly label all bait stations "Poison," or "Rodent Bait, Do Not Touch." To create your own warning labels online, search for free services using key words "warning label generator."
Scout for the best bait station location. Mice will not feed in bait stations unless they are located in areas where they are active. Look for signs of activity such as droppings, gnaw marks, rub marks and tracks. Mice seldom venture more than 50 feet from nests or food sources. Position the bait station along their travel routes.
Prepare mouse bait. One type requires a mixture of 1 part dry cement and 1 part cornflour in a shallow dish in the bait station. The mice will feed then seek water outside. Water causes the cement powder to react, quickly killing the rodent. If this formula is ineffective, purchase commercial mouse bait and follow package warning labels carefully.
Place bait in the centre of the bait station.
Maintain the bait station regularly. When first placing bait stations, check them daily and add fresh bait as needed. As numbers decline, the bait station need not be checked as often. Inspect it every two weeks or so.
Clean the bait station regularly. If the bait becomes mouldy, soiled or insect infested, empty the bait station, clean it and refill it with fresh bait. Use disposable gloves, a mask and glasses or goggles to protect yourself from rodent excrement and any toxins if using poison bait. Dispose of spoiled bait in accordance with package directions.
Deer mice, a species known to carry the Hantavirus, commonly take up residence inside empty stations. Avoid stirring up dust when opening. Areas may be disinfected with a solution of 10 parts water and 1 part bleach.