Gooseneck moulding gets its name from its S-shape. Typically found in Queen Anne furniture, gooseneck mouldings, sometimes called swan neck mouldings, always come in pairs that mirror each other on the pediments of chests, grandfather clocks, fireplaces and other classical-style furniture and architecture. You can hand-carve gooseneck moulding or make it with the help of router bits specifically designed to make S-shapes that flatten out at the outside edges horizontally to accommodate a mitre for the side mouldings.
Make a pattern after you figure out how wide and how tall you need the moulding to be. You will be making both a left and right piece that mirror each other.
Cut a piece of wood so that it accommodates the entire height and width of the S-curve. When you are cutting the wood to size, run the grain along the curve and work your way up toward the centre. Repeat this step for the mirrored side.
Cut the gooseneck moulding's base curve on one edge of the wood with your band saw. Sand it until it is smooth. Repeat this step for the mirrored side.
Prepare the router table. Insert a table-edge bit and a starter pin so that you can cut the bit detail along the curved edge accurately.
Cut the wood. Make three passes through the router. Raise the bit higher after each of the three passes and set the router to a reduced speed for the entire process. Mind the direction of the grain. You now have a moulded curve on one edge of the wood. Repeat this step for the mirrored side.
Make another pattern by tracing the inside of the moulded detail on one of the boards you just made. Cut another board same as you did the first two, following the pattern you just traced.
Layer the board you cut in Step 6 onto one of the first two boards to create a deeper moulding.
Cut through all the pieces to shape the top profile so that it runs parallel to the base S-curve. Use the band saw to cut out the gap shape between the two mirrored sides.
Wear your safety goggles when cutting the wood.