A spiral perm uses specially made rods rolled in a vertical position. This allows hair to be evenly distributed throughout the rod, as opposed to typical perm rods, where the hair is wrapped on top of itself in a horizontal position. Since spiral curls are meant to resemble corkscrews, the hair must be properly wrapped around the rods to ensure the proper penetration of the permanent solutions.
- Skill level:
Things you need
- Spiral perm rods
- Rattail comb
- Spray bottle of clean water
- Cotton balls
- Perm paper
Prepare the hair for the spiral permanent according to instructions. This generally requires the hair to be shampooed and towel-dried.
Decide on the size of the spiral rods to be used for the top, sides and back of the hair. One size rod or varying rod sizes may be chosen, depending upon the amount of curl desired throughout the hair.
Divide the rods into groupings of the same size. This well help you determine if you have enough rods for each section or if minor adjustments must be made in the wrapping plan.
Divide the hair in square sections. Clip each section of the hair with a hair clip to hold it into place until it is time to roll that section.
Wind fragile or colour-treated hair around rods before applying any of the perm solution, following the instructions outlined in the steps below. On hard to perm hair, it may be advisable to apply a small amount of perm solution using a cotton ball soaked in the solution before wrapping begins.
Begin wrapping at the top of the head, moving from one side to the other. Then move to one side section and begin working from the front of the head toward the back until that section is complete. Repeat the same procedure on the other side. Finally, move to the back sections of the hair, once again working from one side to the other until each section is complete. In each instance, follow the steps for each individual curl as outlined below.
Section a thin strip of hair and wrap it securely within perm paper, making certain that the ends are covered.
Holding the hair at a slight angle, begin wrapping the hair onto the spiral perm tool, working your way from the bottom up, wrapping the hair in a natural spiral motion. It is OK to overlap slightly, but the hair should lie on top of the previous spiral as much as possible. Once completed, the spiral rod will appear to hang from the scalp downward toward the nape of the neck. Continue wrapping each individual section of hair until the entire head is completely rolled.
Continue with the permanent as outlined in the instructions.
Tips and warnings
- Keep the hair damp at all times. Use a spray bottle of water to keep the hair wet until the permanent solution is applied.
- Follow the permanent instructions for the type of hair being permed.
- Spiral perms work best on medium to long hair lengths.
- Avoid apply perms to hair that is already severely damaged.