How to maintain electronic & hard copy filing systems

Updated February 21, 2017

A filing system is a method of organising paperwork and documents for storage. A cabinet or box is kept which contains hard copy versions of documents, while an electronic system keeps data on a computer. This data could be e-mails, or scanned paperwork. Once the system is set up it is important that it is maintained, so that it remains in order with updated information regularly added. To maintain the system, you'll need to create a procedure for using both systems.

Label each folder, file and drawer or box. The title should include the subject of documentation, plus the date the paperwork begins at. For example, "Receipts June 2010 - present" or "Human Resources Folder February 2008."

Create new folders, files and drawers or boxes when you have a new category of paperwork to save, or when older folders, files and drawers are full. Use colour coding to differentiate between years or months.

Add new documents to the most relevant folder or drawer. Putting documents into folders at random will ruin the filing system, as the information will be looked for in the wrong place. If the system orders documents alphabetically, continue using this process instead of switching to another format.

Remove old, unnecessary documents annually. As you continue to add to the files, some information will become irrelevant and outdated. Shred it and free up extra storage space.

Create folders or directories on your computer. Consolidate the data on a regular basis so it doesn't become disorganised. Having several network drives or multiple folders containing similar information is not an efficient way of organising the data.

Back up of the data regularly. Use DVDs, a USB drive, an external hard drive or an external company to do this. This protects the data from loss.

Secure the data by locking each file, granting access to delegated users or adding a password when opening a file. This prevents misuse of the data, fraud or unauthorised access. Plus you can be sure that only people who know how the system works use it.

Write a procedure for using the electronic filing system. Include step-by-step instructions for how to find, reference, categorise and archive the data, so each user is operating the system in the same way. Keep it updated if you refine the system to prevent confusion between users.

Review the filing system every two years. Check that it functions well -- this can be defined by how effective the filing is, how easy it is to find data, and how organised it is. Also, delete unwanted files and minimise electronic clutter.


Have a group training day to explain how each filing system works so it can be managed and maintained daily. Ask for feedback on how to develop the filing system so it is more user-friendly or better organised.

Things You'll Need

  • File cabinet or box
  • Folders
  • Blank labels
  • Pens or markers
  • Computer
bibliography-icon icon for annotation tool Cite this Article

About the Author

Based in Bristol, Philippa Jones has been a music journalist and script writer since 2007, working across a range of radio programs in the U.K. and Australia. Her articles have appeared in "Impact Magazine," "The Mic" and in local newspapers. She holds a Bachelor of Arts in politics from the University of Nottingham.