How to Read the VIN Numbers on Ford Trucks

Written by meg warren
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How to Read the VIN Numbers on Ford Trucks
Henry Ford built the first Model T Truck in 1908. (white wall image by John Sfondilias from Fotolia.com)

The VIN or Vehicle Identification Number is a set of 17 numbers that create a type of DNA for a specific vehicle. This set of numbers carries quite a bit of information about the Ford truck it is placed on. The VIN number can inform you where the truck was made, when it was made, and various other features. The VIN number is given to insurance companies, auto loan companies, and the state at the time the vehicle was purchased.

Locate the Vehicle Identification Number on the dash of the truck. The number is punched into a small metal plate and attached to the dash of the car on the driver's side, close to the windshield. Stand outside the vehicle and look down through the windshield at the dash. Ensure there is nothing blocking the view.

Write down all the numbers and letters of the VIN number on a piece of paper.

Examine the first digit in the VIN number, which represents where the truck was built. The number one indicates USA, number two is Canada and number three is Mexico.

Examine the second digit in the VIN number, this should be an "F" which means that Ford is the manufacturer of the truck.

Examine the third digit in the VIN number, which represents the type of vehicle. Yours should have a T in this spot. Other options are C, representing basic stripped chassis, D representing incomplete vehicle and m for multipurpose vehicle.

Examine the fourth digit in the VIN number, this represents the gross vehicle weight of the truck.

A = Up to 1361kg.

B = 3,001 - 1.81kg

C = 4,001 - 2.27kg

D = 5,001 - 2.72kg

E = 6,001 - 3.18kg

F = 7,001 - 3.63kg

G = 8,001 - 38.6kg

H = 8,501 - 4.08kg

J = 9,001 - 4.54kg

K = 10,000 - 6.35kg

L = 14,001 - 7.26kg

M = 16,001 - 88.5kg

Examine the next three digits this represents the type of truck you own. The line is listed in the fifth digit location, the series is sixth, and the body type is seventh:

E11 = Econoline - Club Wagon

E31 = Econoline - Club Wagon - Heavy Duty

S31 = Econoline - Club Wagon - Super Club Wagon

E14 = Econoline - E-150 - Cargo Van

E24 = Econoline - E-250 - Cargo Van

E27 = Econoline - E-250 - Commercial Cutaway

E29 = Econoline - E-250 - Commercial Basic

E30 = Econoline - E-350 - RV Cutaway

E34 = Econoline - E-350 - Cargo Van

E37 = Econoline - E-350 - Commercial Cutaway

E39 = Econoline, - E-350 - Commercial Basic

S24 = Econoline, - E-250 - Super Van

S34 = Econoline, - E-350 - Super Van

E40 = E-Super Duty - RV Cutaway

E47 = E-Super Duty - Commercial Cutaway

F07 = F-150 - Flare side - 4x2

X07 = F-150 Super Cab - Flare side - 4x2

F08 = F-150 - Flare side - 4x4

X08 = F-150 Super Cab - Flare side - 4x4

F17 = F-150 - Style side - 4x2

X17 = F-150 Super Cab - Style side - 4x2

F18 = F-150 - Style side - 4x4

X18 = F-150 Super Cab - Style side - 4x4

F27 = F-250 - Style side - 4x2

X27 = F-250 Super Cab - Style side - 4x2

F28 = F-250 - Style side - 4x4

X28 = F-250 Super Cab - Style side - 4x4

U12 = Bronco II - 4x2

U14 = Bronco II - 4x4

U22 = Explorer - 2 door - 4x2

U32 = Explorer - 4 door - 4x2

U24 = Explorer - 2 door - 4x4

U34 = Explorer - 4 door - 4x4

U35 = Explorer - 4 door, - AWD

U52 = Mountaineer - 4 door - 4x2

U54 = Mountaineer - 4 door - 4x4

U55 = Mountaineer - 4 door - AWD

R10 = Ranger - 4x2

R11 = Ranger - 4x4

R14 = Ranger - 4x2 - 2 door Super Cab

R15 = Ranger - 4x4 - 2 door Super Cab

R18 = Ranger - 4x2 - 4 door Super Cab

R19 = Ranger - 4x4 - 4 door Super Cab

Examine the eighth digit in the VIN number this digit represents the type of engine originally installed in the truck:

A = 2.3-Liter 4-Cylinder (Ranger 1997 and older)

B = 2.5-Liter 4-Cylinder Diesel (Ranger)

C = 2.5-Liter 4-Cylinder (Ranger)(2.0 on older Rangers)

E = 2.3-Liter 4-Cylinder Diesel (Mitsubishi)

E = 4.0-Liter 6-Cylinder - SOHC (Explorer, Mountaineer)

F = 7.3-Liter 8-Cylinder Diesel (Econoline)

L = 5.4-Liter 8-Cylinder (Econoline, F-150, F-250)

M = 5.4-Liter 8-Cylinder Natural Gas (Econoline, F-150, F-250)

P = 2.2-Liter 4-Cylinder Diesel (Ranger)

P = 5.0-Liter 8-Cylinder (Explorer/Mountaineer)

S = 2.8-Liter 6-Cylinder (Ranger)

S = 6.8-Liter 10-Cylinder (Econoline)

T = 2.9-Liter 6-Cylinder (Ranger)

U = 3.0-Liter 6-Cylinder (Ranger)

W = 4.6-Liter 8-Cylinder (F-150, F-250)

X = 4.0-Liter 6-Cylinder (Explorer, Ranger)

Z = 5.4-Liter 8-Cylinder (Econoline, F-150, F-250)

2 = 4.2-Liter 6-Cylinder (Econoline, F-150, F-250)

6 = 4.6-Liter 8-Cylinder (Econoline, F-150, F-250)

Examine the 10th digit in the VIN number, this represents the model year. The ninth digit is irrelevant to a Ford truck. Starting with 1980 the 10th digit is an "A" and moving on from there until ending with "Y" on a new century. From there the numbers one through nine are used. Then the digits change to letters again. This same pattern repeats in the same way over and over. The digits are coded as follows:

A = 1980

B = 1981

C = 1982

D = 1983

E = 1984

F = 1985

G = 1986

H = 1987

J = 1988

K = 1989

L = 1990

M = 1991

N = 1992

P = 1993

R = 1994

S = 1995

T = 1996

V = 1997

W = 1998

X = 1999

Y = 2000

1 = 2001

2 = 2002

3 = 2003

4 = 2004

5 = 2005

6 = 2006

7 = 2007

8 = 2008

9 = 2009

A = 2010

B = 2011

C = 2012 and so on...

Examine the 12th digit in the VIN number. This number represents the division with in ford that manufactured the vehicle. For instance A or E = Ford Division, J or L = Lincoln/Mercury Division.

Examine the 13th digit through the 17th. These digits represent the number in which this vehicle was made. For example the number 1050 would mean that this vehicle was the 1,050th truck produced in the specific plant that year.

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