Many seedless grape varieties grow well in home gardens. Seedless grapes require the same site selection and care as regular grapes. Seedless grape vines need plenty of space to grow and need a trellis or some other structure to support the plant. Seedless grapes are ideal table grapes and are also popular for making jams, jellies and even homemade wine. Careful planning, soil preparation and seasonal care are important to ensure you get the most out of your grape vine.
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Things you need
- Trellis or other training system
- Garden shears
Locate a sunny site in your garden with plenty of space. Grape vines require ample amounts of sunlight in order to produce fruit and warm temperatures to fully ripen.
Install the trellis or some other training system and ensure that it is stable. A productive grape vine grows vigorously and can produce numerous clusters of grapes. Having a secure structure to support the grapes will help maximise yields.
Prepare the soil for planting by mixing in compost and thoroughly tilling the soil. Dig a hole large enough so that the roots of the grape vine do not bend when you plant it.
Plant the vine early in spring and to the same depth as it was planted in its nursery container. Spread the root system out and cover with soil.
Tie early vines to to the trellis to keep them off of the ground during the first growing season to prevent damage. Water frequently if the summer is hot and dry.
Prune grape vines once they are dormant in the fall. Pruning methods vary by cultivar, but in the first year most grape vines should be cut back to a single cane.
Monitor grape vines for pests and animals and treat the vine as soon as you recognise a problem. Birds love to feed on grape vines and can become a nuisance in large numbers. Netting is the only effective way to prevent birds from accessing your grapes, says the University of Minnesota.
Taste the grapes before you harvest them. Grapes will not continue to ripen once picked off the vine, so tasting grapes straight off the vine is the best way to tell when it is time to harvest your seedless grapes.
Tips and warnings
- Select a seedless grape vine cultivar suitable for your area and to your taste. Common seedless red grapes are Concord seedless, Suffolk red, Einset seedless and Jupiter cultivars. Common white seedless varieties include himrod, Interlaken seedless and lakemont.
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