Basic Flower Arrangement Instructions

Written by jennifer lee
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Basic Flower Arrangement Instructions
A monochromatic arrangement features lots of different shades of the same colour. (Jupiterimages/Polka Dot/Getty Images)

Create a simple but beautiful flower arrangement in a basket. Design a monochromatic arrangement featuring lots of different shades of the same colour, or use all warm or all cool colours. Select three to five types of mass flowers. These flowers (such as roses, carnations, gerbera daisies or lisianthus) generally have a single medium to large flower per stem. Choose one main type of flower to feature in your arrangement, and use more stems of this type than the others. Additionally, select one or two types of greenery stems and one type of filler flower (little clustered flowers).

Skill level:

Things you need

  • Floral foam, the type which absorbs water, such as Oasis brand
  • Sink or bucket of tepid water
  • Floral basket with plastic liner
  • Floral bow, wire and pick
  • Floral tape
  • Floral snips
  • Floral or serrated kitchen knife
  • Floral preservative
  • 3 to 5 types of mass flowers, larger, single bloom; several stems each
  • Stems of greenery, such as eucalyptus or fern
  • Filler flowers, such as statice or baby's breath

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  1. 1

    Soak the foam for about 15 minutes in a sink or bucket filled with tepid water while you prepare the flowers. Put the plastic insert in the basket to keep moisture from leaking through.

  2. 2

    Hold the stems of the flowers and greenery under the water and give each a diagonal cut. Aim to make the total height of the arrangement between two and three times as tall as the height of the basket (not including the handle). Clean any leaves off the bottom several inches of each stem.

  3. 3

    Drain the excess water from the floral foam. Do not compress any part of the foam, just let the extra water drip off. Cut the foam with the knife so that it fits the basket but sits up just a little taller than the basket rim. Secure it to the bottom of the plastic insert with a loop or two of floral tape. Stick small pieces of greenery all around the foam to cover the rim of the basket.

  4. 4

    Select an odd number of stems of the main type of flower you have chosen for your arrangement. Sink them about an inch or two into the floral foam. Rotate the basket as you evenly distribute these main stems, striving for a mounded or domed shape, with the flowers in the centre of the basket standing a little higher than those on the sides.

  5. 5

    Add the other mass flowers, taking care to spread them evenly throughout the arrangement. Keep building a mounded shape, and use an odd number of each flower. Spread the colours evenly through the arrangement; leave room around any closed buds so they will have space to open.

  6. 6

    Place stems of greenery and filler flowers evenly throughout the whole arrangement. Do not overpower the main flowers with too much filler. Add a bow either on a pick inserted into the foam or wired or tied to the handle of the basket.

Tips and warnings

  • Use an odd number of stems of each type of flower and foliage for a visually pleasing arrangement.
  • Mix a packet of floral preservative into the water before cutting the flowers.

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