Toilets and other bathroom fixtures are commonly made of porcelain, which is formed of clay and other materials. This mixture is then fired at high temperature in a kiln and glazed to create the porcelain used in bathrooms. Although porcelain is a hard substance, it is not immune to chips or cracks. You can repair porcelain toilet cracks, but you need to exercise caution and go slowly as you work. The main danger to be aware of is to keep the crack from spreading while you work.
Identify the crack that you want to repair. If it is on a part of the toilet, such as the tank, that is below a water line, the water in the toilet should be drained before proceeding.
Shut off the water for the toilet. Follow the water line connected to the bottom of the tank to the water supply valve. Rotate the knob to shut off the water.
Flush the tank. Keep pressure on the handle and allow all the water to run out. Remove the tank lid.
Clean off the area around the crack with bathroom cleaner and a lint-free cloth.
Attach the diamond rotary grinder bit to the rotary tool. Identify the end of the crack that is the widest. Drill a hole all the way through the porcelain surface. Spray the rotary tool bit with water periodically to keep it lubricated while drilling. This hole will relieve the pressure on the crack and keep it from getting larger.
Follow along the crack with the rotary drill bit. Cut a channel between 1/8 inch and 1/4 of an inch along the crack. Continue spraying with the water as you work.
Fill the crack with the epoxy paste. Depending on your epoxy, it will either come premixed or you will have to follow the manufacturer's instructions to mix it during the repair. Apply the paste into the channel that you drilled. The final level of the epoxy should be slightly above the surface of the porcelain. Allow the epoxy time to cure according to instructions.
Sand down the epoxy with 40-grit sandpaper. Gradually move to finer-grit sandpapers as the epoxy begins to become level with the surface of the porcelain.
Apply resurfacing finish to the epoxy. Allow this to dry and coat again as needed.
The resurfacing finishes come in colours to match your porcelain.
Repairing a crack in a porcelain toilet is a temporary fix. The cracked piece needs to be replaced as soon as possible.