The Bengal cat is a relatively new breed in the feline world. A cross between a domesticated short hair and the wild Asian Leopard Cat, Bengals are a good choice for those who enjoy the rarity of the small wildcat. A quality Bengal has a sweet disposition, unique markings and a spirited playful nature. Breeding Bengals should be done only as a means to preserve the line and to improve quality of this unusual cat.
Feed the queen a good diet before the breeding process. The Bengal cat should always have access to a high-quality kibble throughout its lifespan, but is crucial to feed a good a nutritional food to ensure she has the nutrients to stay healthy during pregnancy. Avoid foods that contain grain as it is unhealthy filler for cats.
Locate a stud cat to mate with the queen. This will require careful planning and can be time-consuming. The ideal mate for the queen should possess the characteristics that the female lacks to produce quality babies. The male and female Bengal cats should both have a clean bill of health, be current on all shots and be parasite free
Introduce the pair when the female goes into heat. A female Bengal that has gone into heat may become rather talkative and will raise her tail end into the air when her back is scratched. A Bengal's heat cycle can last two to three days, or up until she is actually bred.
Leave the male and female alone in a secluded spot for 24 to 48 hours. Several matings may have to take place before the female will conceive. Document any mating attempts so that the estimated delivery date can be established.
Confirm the mating is successful by having a veterinarian perform a pregnancy test, or wait three to four weeks and look for indications of pregnancy. The queen's nipples may appear to be a dark pink colour and be larger. Pregnant queens will become more affectionate as the pregnancy progresses; some may even vomit, similar to morning sickness in humans.
Build or buy a nesting box for the queen. The nesting box should be large enough for her to walk into and still be able to move around comfortably. A small covered crate that offers privacy for the cat would work well. Providing all goes well, the queen will deliver four to six kittens 56 to 72 days after mating.
When breeding Bengal cats, the female should be at least 1 year old or she should have been through two heat cycles before breeding. Add a vitamin supplement to the cat food daily to help produce the needed calcium that a pregnant cat needs. Male and female Bengals can be kept together throughout the pregnancy.
It is important to know the estimated date of conception in the event that a C-section needs to be performed. Carefully selecting the queen's mate is an important factor to avoid producing kittens with aggressive tendencies or defects. Breeding Bengals should not be looked at as a way to become wealthy.