Nasal polyps are fleshy pieces of tissue that line the inside of your nasal passage. If nasal polyps grow too large, the polyps can obstruct your breathing. This can result in the lack of smell. According to the Mayo Clinic, adults who suffer from asthma, allergies and sinus infections commonly experience nasal polyps. If your nose becomes clogged by polyps, treatments will vary. In very severe cases of nasal polyps, surgery is necessary.
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Things you need
- Nasal sprays
Get examined by your physician to determine the extent of your condition. A nasal endoscope (a tube with a camera) can be guided into your nasal cavity to locate the polyps.
Use a nasal corticosteroid prescribed by your physician. Nasal corticosteroids such as Flonase will help reduce the polyp inflammation.
Take oral corticosteroids to reduce polyp blockages if the nasal spray doesn't work. If oral corticosteroids upset your stomach, corticosteroid injections can be an alternate treatment method.
Undergo a polypectomy. As indicated by the American Rhinologic Society, normal function of your sinuses will be restored when the polyps are removed. The plus side of a polypectomy is that this procedure uses a small suction device to remove the polyps and is minimally invasive.
Receive an endoscopic sinus surgery if you're prone to developing sinus infections as a result of nasal polyp obstructions. Obstructions occur when polyps impede the flow of fluids from your sinuses.
Tips and warnings
- Take antihistamines if you have allergies, which will help prevent the growth of polyps.
- Use a humidifier in your home to help prevent the nasal polyps from clogging your nose.
- Try a nasal lavage to clean your nasal passages.
- Use a saline nasal spray to remove irritants from your nasal passages.
- Never try to pick at the polyps. You can introduce harmful bacteria into your sinuses, which can cause an infection to develop.
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