Create lightweight planters with the look of antique stone sinks and troughs with little more than lightweight "hypertufa" concrete mix and built or improvised moulds. For various neutral tones, blend powdered cement into the tufa mix before casting your planters--being careful to use exact quantities to get exact colour matches. By matching various sizes of paired "nesting" cardboard boxes or other moulds--one slightly larger the other--you can make a yard full of matching planters. The main challenge is the long wait while the cement mixture cures.
- Skill level:
Things you need
- Peat moss
- Portland cement
- Powdered cement dye, if desired
- Large plastic mixing tub or cement mixing wheelbarrow
- Dust mask
- Work gloves
- Rubber gloves
- Dust sheet
- 2 cardboard boxes that "nest" (one slightly smaller) or other moulds
- Linseed oil
- Small paintbrush
- Mason's trowel
- Wooden dowels
- Small plastic tarp or plastic garbage bags
- Stiff wire brush
- Propane torch
Dig and shape a hole in the damp sand the approximate size of the largest round form. Place the large container in the hole.
Combine equal amounts of peat moss, perlite and Portland cement. Add one handful of Fibermesh and--if desired--28.4gr. of powdered cement dye per gallon of mix. Mix all of the dry ingredients thoroughly. Add water as needed, a small amount at a time, to produce slurry with a cottage cheese-like consistency.
Set the largest of the two moulds on the dust sheet. To create a sink or trough with walls 2 inches thick, the larger mould should be 4 inches longer and wider than the smaller container. Sharp corners chip easily, so choose or make moulds with rounded corners. Paint the moulds' contact surfaces with linseed oil, a release agent, before each use.
Put gloves on and pour the mixture into the larger mould, creating a planter bottom about 2 inches thick. Center the smaller mould atop the slurry and press down very slightly. Pack more mixture between the inner and outer moulds, to create the planter walls, using the trowel. Tamp firmly as you go. Wait 10 minutes. Remove the smaller mould. Make drainage holes in the planter bottom with an oiled wooden dowel. "Round" inner corners if needed.
Cover the large mould and setting slurry with plastic to slow the drying process. Cure the cement mixture for 48 hours. Remove the outer mould. Brush the planter's outer walls with a wire brush to enhance the texture. Cover the planter with plastic again and allow it to cure for two more weeks
Wash out the trough several times as it cures to leach out excess lime which otherwise will affect soil pH later. Pick up the planter by the bottom to move it, and handle it with care to avoid hairline cracks. Use a propane torch, at an angle, to burn off the fibre "cat hair" caused by brushing.
Tips and warnings
- You can also make sand-cast planters--including round shapes--by scooping out the general shape from the sand, pouring in the slurry, then adding the inner mould.
- For different looks, experiment with other popular hypertufa formulas, including three parts Portland cement, four parts peat moss and five parts perlite, or two parts Portland cement, three parts peat moss and three parts perlite.
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