How to wire a gigabit ethernet cable

Written by david sandoval
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How to wire a gigabit ethernet cable
A Category 6 Ethernet cable can handle gigabit-per-second data transfer (ethernet image by Jaume Felipe from Fotolia.com)

Ethernet cables are used to connect parts of a wired network together. As computer networks become faster, the types of connection cables must also improve. Therefore, when assembling a "Gigabit Ethernet" network, you must use connection cables that can support transfer rates of one gigabit per second.

Category 6 Ethernet cables (or Cat6 for short) can support the high-speed data transfer rates of a Gigabit Ethernet network. These cables are also electrically compatible with older equipment, such as 10BaseT and 100BaseT Ethernet hubs and switches. In fact, the procedure for creating a Cat6 Ethernet cable is identical to the procedure for creating a Category 5 Ethernet cable.

Skill level:
Moderate

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Things you need

  • Spool of Category 6 data cable
  • Two RJ-45 plugs (cable ends)
  • Telephone cable crimper
  • Wire cutters

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Instructions

  1. 1

    Cut a length of data cable, and remove half an inch of the outer insulation jacket from each end of the cut length of cable.

  2. 2

    At one end of the data cable, untwist each of the pairs of wires. Arrange the wires in the following order, left-to-right: orange/white, orange, green/white, blue, blue/white, green, brown/white, and brown. Place an RJ-45 plug end (flat side facing you) over the wires, and push the wires firmly into the connector until the wire ends touch the front of the RJ-45 connector.

  3. 3

    Crimp the plug to the data cable.

  4. 4

    Untwist each of the pairs of wires at the other end of the cable. Arrange the wires at this end of the cable in the following order, left-to-right: orange/white, orange, green/white, blue, blue/white, green, brown/white, and brown. Place an RJ-45 plug end (flat side facing you) over the wires, and push the wires firmly into the connector until the wire ends touch the front of the RJ-45 connector. Crimp the plug to the data cable.

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