Ubuntu is an easy-to-use distribution of the Linux operating system. When you install Ubuntu, it comes with a set of default applications that perform common tasks, including photo editing. You can download other software applications, too, if the default options don't suit you. The default photo-editing and organising program for Ubuntu 10.04 is F-Spot.
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Open F-spot from the "Graphics" section of the "Applications" menu. Click on a photo to choose a photo from the photo collection that spans the top of the window. Drag the photos from side to side to scroll if the photo you want is not displayed. Or open a file window in Ubuntu's file system, right-click on a photo and select "Open with F-spot" from the menu that pops up, if the photo is not already in the photo collection.
Click on the "Crop" button from the pane of Edit buttons on the left, if you want to crop the photo. If you have a specific proportional measurement you desire, such as for printing a 5 by 7 inch photo, click on the drop-down menu and select the desired setting; otherwise select (or leave selected) "No Constraint." Click and drag across the photo to set the area you want to keep. Drag the entire crop window to move it, or drag any corner or edge to resize it. When you have the window where you want it, click on the "Crop" button at the bottom of the Edit pane.
Click on the "Red-eye Reduction" button to remove red-eye from photos of people or animals. Click on the eye that needs to be fixed in the photo, and click on the "Fix" button at the bottom of the Edit pane.
Click on the "Desaturate," "Sepia Tone" or "Auto Color" buttons to adjust the colouring of the photo. Desaturate converts the colour to black and white; sepia tone give the photo a monochrome brown appearance, like an old photo; Auto Color adjusts the colour automatically. Each of these features work instantly, have no "cancel" buttons and no setting options.
Click on the "Straighten" button to rotate a slightly crooked photo. Adjust the slider in the Edit pane from left to right, consulting the preview in the photo pane to determine the correct angle. Click on the "Straighten" button at the bottom of the Edit pane when you have the right angle.
Click on the "Soft Focus" button to add a soft focus effect. Drag the slider in the Edit pane to the left or right to decrease or increase the diameter of the area that remains clear. Soft focus blurs the edge of the photo and leaves the centre unaffected (unless you slide the slider all the way to the left, to blur the entire photo). Click on the "Soft Focus" button at the bottom of the "Edit" pane.
Click on the "Adjust Colors" button to have control over colour-adjustment settings. The "Edit" pane will then contain five sliders for "Corrections": "Exposure," "Saturation," "Brightness," "Hue" and "Contrast"; and two sliders for "White Balance": "Temp" and "Tint." Slide each to the right or left or type in a number to fine tune more accurately. View the effect immediately on the photo. When you have the photo the way you want it, click on the "Adjust" button at the bottom of the "Edit" pane.
Select "Save" or "Save as" from the "Photo" menu to save your photo. Type in a new file name and click on the "Save" button if you chose "Save as."
Tips and warnings
- F-spot does not have an easy "Undo" button like many photo-editing programs do. If you are going to edit a photo and want access to the original, make sure to choose "Save as" from the "Photo" menu before making any edits, so you will leave the original file unchanged if necessary.
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