American Psychological Association (APA) style is a way of citing and referencing material with specific rules for in-text citations and reference list citations. APA style covers books, magazines, journals and even web pages. Some web pages will have authors and some won't. There are specific guidelines that should be followed when citing a web page without an author.
- Skill level:
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Things you need
- Computer with Internet access
- Website material to be cited
Find the title of the material (ie. article on a website), the date it was published and the full website address or URL.
Write the title of the material in italicised letters and put a period at the end.
Type the date (the year) in parentheses next to the title of the material. Leave one space in between the material's title and the date. Place a period on the outside of the closing parenthesis. If there is no date, type this: (n.d.). This stands for "no date." Be sure the letters "n" and "d" are in parentheses with periods after each. Both the letters need to be in lower case and a period needs to be put after the closing parenthesis.
Leave one space, then type: "Retrieved from" and the full website address including the http://. It will look like this: Retrieved from http://www.example.com. Don't put a period at the end of the website address. The website address should take the reader straight to the material that you are citing.
Place an opening parenthesis after the text referencing the material. Shorten the title of the material by typing the first two to three words of the title of the publication or article you are citing. Include quotation marks before and after the title. Place a comma after the title.
Type the date (the year) of when the material was published. If there is no date, type: n.d.
Place a page number at the end of the date if applicable. Most material found on websites won't have page numbers unless they are in PDF format. Don't go by the page number of a printed version of the website. Instead, include the page number found within the PDF document. Write a lower case "p." with a period and then the page number. The final product will look like this: ("Example of APA," 2010, p. 3).
Close the parentheses. If this is the end of a sentence, place a period on the outside of the closing parenthesis. If this is a citation in the middle of a sentence, don't put a period.
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