How to die cut fabric

Written by kristen hamlin
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How to die cut fabric
Fabric diecuts can be used on a variety of craft projects. (bolts of fabric image by Scott Williams from Fotolia.com)

Cutting fabrics into shapes to use on clothing, quilts, or scrapbook pages used to be a tedious process involving craft knives or scissors and a pattern. With the increased availability of die-cutting machines and dies, though, the process of creating fabric shapes to use on craft projects has become faster and easier than ever before. You can purchase dies in all shapes, sizes, and themes, allowing you to create exactly the look you want. By using a die cut machine, you can be sure that when you cut multiple shapes, they will all be a uniform size and shape.

Skill level:
Easy

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Things you need

  • Die-cut machine (Cricut, Cuttlebug, Sizzix)
  • Die-cutting mat
  • Spacer blocks (if your machine requires them)
  • Dies
  • Fabric, such as cotton, chambray, felt, or linen
  • Fabric stiffener
  • Scissors

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Instructions

  1. 1

    If you are planning to use your die-cut fabric on clothing, wash and dry to the fabric to shrink, if it is not already preshrunk.

  2. 2

    Cut your fabric to size, depending on the size of the die you are using and die-cut machine you are using. For example, if you are using a Cricut Expression, your fabric can be as large as 12 by 12 inches. If you are using a Cuttlebug, trim the fabric to 5 by 7 inches.

    How to die cut fabric
    Cut your fabric to size. (cutting of a fabric image by Podfoto from Fotolia.com)
  3. 3

    Following the directions on the bottle of fabric stiffener, treat your fabric. Allow the fabric to dry completely. If you are using a fusible or adhesive-backed stiffener, follow the package directions to adhere it to your fabric. Your fabric needs to be as stiff as card stock to get the cleanest cut from the die-cut machine.

  4. 4

    Position the treated fabric in the die-cut machine as you would a sheet of paper, according to the machine instructions. If you are using a patterned fabric, be sure the die is positioned over the section of pattern you wish to cut.

    How to die cut fabric
    When using patterned fabric, make sure the die is in the section you want to cut. (Colourful Geometric Abstract Cloth Fabric Background Pattern image by James Phelps from Fotolia.com)
  5. 5

    Operate your die-cut machine as you normally would for paper. Go slowly, or use your machine's slowest setting to avoid tearing the fabric.

  6. 6

    Remove the die-cut image from the cutting surface. Use scissors to trim any stray threads, if necessary.

Tips and warnings

  • If you are using a Cricut machine, and wish to cut thicker fabrics such as felt, use its Deep Cut housing and blade to ensure a clean cut.
  • Consider reserving Cricut blades just for cutting fabrics, as cutting fabrics will dull your blades faster than cutting paper.
  • Simple die cuts, such as graphic shapes and plain fonts, work best when cutting fabric.
  • When shopping for fabric, look in the quilting section for pre-cut pieces of fabric, such as quilting squares or fat quarters. Choosing smaller pieces of fabric can help you save money and reduce the amount of waste.
  • Stretch fabrics, such as jersey or knits, are not a good choice, as they stretch and bunch in the die-cut machine, making it harder to cut.

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