Fleas, ticks and freckles have the potential to affect any dog. Although fleas and ticks can be problematic, freckles are generally not much to worry about. Fleas and ticks can cause serious skin issues, in addition to spreading tick-borne illness, such as Lyme disease and Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever. Fortunately, there are ways in which to eliminate the issues.
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Things you need
- Flea and tick product
- Dog shampoo
- Tweezers or hemostats
- Antibiotic ointment
Apply a flea and tick product on your dog, such as those containing fipronil. These products typically kill the fleas and ticks relatively quick and some even detach the ticks from the dog's body. Follow the directions on the product's label for application instructions.
Bathe your pooch with a gentle dog shampoo a few days after you apply the flea and tick medication. Washing will remove any dead fleas left behind, along with their faeces. Follow the product's recommendations regarding the time between application and bathing. Some advise that you wait three days after you apply the medication before bathing, while some only suggest waiting until the product has dried.
Remove any ticks that have not detached with a pair of tweezers or hemostats. Place the tip of the tweezers or hemostats as close to the skin as possible and clamp onto the tick. Avoid squeezing the body of the tick, as it can transmit diseases to your dog if this occurs. Gently pull on the tick in one motion until the body is removed. Apply an antibiotic ointment to the spot in which the tick was attached to prevent infection.
Consult with your veterinarian or a veterinary dermatologist about removing freckles from your dog. If the freckles are raised and are causing problems, the vet may be able to surgically remove them. If they are just your dog's pigment; however, there isn't anything you can do to get rid of them. The freckles most likely aren't causing any harm and are perfectly normal. If you are concerned about them; however, ask your veterinarian for his opinion.
Tips and warnings
- Flea and tick products that are obtained from your veterinarian are generally safer and more effective than those available over the counter.
- Keep a flea and tick preventive on your dog at all times to prevent their reoccurrence.
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