How to build a garage with a flat roof

Written by daniel kazel
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How to build a garage with a flat roof
Find a design for your flat roof garage. (schöne garage image by fotoflash from

The advantages of a flat roof garage are its efficient use of urban space, control of water flow to the drainage system and its inexpensive costs. A flat roof garage built with joists span the gap between two walls. "I-Joist" wood beams, shaped like the capital letter "I," add strength to the garage and roof top. They provide additional firmness needed to withstand the pull of the garage doors over time as they open and close. Building a flat roof that will not leak requires a solid plan and sealing the roof top with a glue-down rubber membrane system.

Skill level:

Things you need

  • 6.5 cm (8d) finishing nails for sheathing
  • 8.9 cm (16d) nails for framing
  • Hammer
  • Pencils
  • Chalk line
  • Speed measuring square
  • Tape measure
  • 5 by 10 cm (2 by 4 inch) wooden beams
  • 5 by 15 cm (2 by 6 inch) wooden beams
  • 2 ladders
  • 1.2 m (4 foot) level
  • Metal flashing
  • Diverter
  • Jigsaw
  • Circular saw
  • Air compressor
  • Framing nail gun
  • Power drill
  • Vinyl waterproofing cover
  • Glue

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  1. 1

    Install a concrete slab for your garage. Follow building regs. After cured, start framing the walls. Measure the slab and cut treated 5 by 10 cm (2 by 4 inch) boards to make bottom, or sill plate. Anchor down the sill plate to slab with bolts 30 cm (12 inches) from the cut. Your starting wall is the full width of the slab foundation. The side walls overlap the ends of the first wall. Assemble starting wall on the ground and move it aside.

    How to build a garage with a flat roof
    Framing your walls. (flooring of a wooden roof image by Ivan Hafizov from
  2. 2

    Build the lower ledger wall, the horizontal piece of timber, at the back end of garage. The opposite wall will have the higher ledge. Build the side walls. After the two side walls are built, lift the first wall onto the anchor bolts, hold in place and thread the washers and nuts on the bolts. Continue process with the rest of walls. Nail both walls together with 8.9 cm (16d) nails at the corners and match up the edges. Stand on the ladder and add a corner brace across the two top plates.

    How to build a garage with a flat roof
    Attaching your frames. (plan of a flat image by forca from
  3. 3

    Sheath the outside walls. Nail in plywood every six to eight inches on interior studs with 6.5 cm (8d) nails in the nail gun. Measure and cut wood hangers for your roof. Mount hangers on two opposite walls, at 40 cm (16 inches), or 60 cm (24 inches) if using 5 by 15 cm (2 by 6 inch) wooden beams. Timber beams must be inserted between the joists at least at 60 cm (24 inches) to avoid twists in the joists. Measure pitch with level, cover with plywood and nail down.

    How to build a garage with a flat roof
    Mounting your ceiling (joists). (construction ,measuring image by Greg Pickens from
  4. 4

    Use a gutter at the rear overhang if you have a slight pitch. Any pitch over 10 degrees may have to dispose of rainwater. Sagged joists allow rainwater to pool at low points in roof, so install a roof drain. Cut out a 15 by 30 cm (6 by 12 inch) drain spout hole in the roof's plywood. Around the drain hole, wrap up the metal flashing, edging and diverters. Run aluminium piping down to drain.

    How to build a garage with a flat roof
    Checking your pitch and sealing the roof top. (Dachrinne image by crossgolfing from
  5. 5

    Lay down the roofing underlayment on the top of the roof. Screw down underlayment into plywood. Dry fit the roofing for size. Once it fits, glue down the rubber. Finish the edges and use economical panel-siding to match house or other buildings in area.

Tips and warnings

  • If you use roll roofing on a flat garage, "Duralast vinyl system" and "Torch-down rubber roof system" cost the same and have a 15-year warranty. Installation of asphalt on flat roofs can be harmful to the environment and the installers. Some urban areas do not allow hot mop roofs because of the fumes contributing to smog and high levels of air pollutants.
  • Wear safety goggles when cutting wood. Post your city building permit at the job site. Black covered shingles on top of a flat roof will cause leaking. The pitch of the roof is essential for avoiding puddles and leaks.

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