At first glance taking apart a Toshiba Satellite A30 to clean or replace its components can seem like a daunting task. Keep in mind, however, that while taking it to a repair service may seem easier, it can end up costing you more than your laptop is worth. Most owner's can disassemble their laptops with a little guidance, and owner's of the A30 are no exception. Once you learn how to disassemble your A30 you can make the necessary repairs or replacements yourself and avoid a repair service altogether.
Remove the power cord and disconnect any peripherals, like printers and monitors, that you may have connected to your A30. Lay your laptop face down on a table or desk, with the front of the laptop facing you. The battery is located in the front, right corner of the laptop. Slide the locking switch to the left and pull the battery out of the laptop base.
Remove the memory modules. The memory modules are located in the centre of the laptop, just to the left of the fans. Remove the two screws holding the cover in place and remove the cover. Use your fingers to spread the latches on the sides of the memory modules. This will cause the modules to pop up so you can grab them. Grab the modules by the sides and slide them out of the sockets.
Remove the wireless card. The wireless card is located just to the left of the memory modules. Remove the two screws holding the cover in place and remove the cover. Disconnect the two antenna cables running to the card. Spread the latches on the sides of the card to pop it up and remove it from the socket.
Remove the heatsink and CPU. The heatsink and CPU are located just above the fans to the right of the memory modules. Remove the two screws holding the cover in place and remove the cover. Remove the four screws holding the heatsink in place. Just above the heatsink is the CPU socket lock screw. Flip the screw to the unlocked position. Slowly lift the heatsink straight up to remove the heatsink and CPU as one unit. Carefully use a flathead screwdriver to separate the CPU from the heatsink. Place the CPU in an antistatic bag until you are ready to reinstall it. Be careful not to bend or damage the pins on the CPU.
Remove the optical drive. The optical drive is located next to the battery in the front of the laptop. Remove the single screw holding it in place and slide the drive forward and out of the laptop base. This will reveal the hard drive.
Remove the four screws holding the hard drive in place. Slide the hard drive forward to disconnect it from the motherboard. Remove the hard drive from the bay.
Remove the 12 remaining screws from the underside of the laptop. There are also two screws covered by rubber pads along the backside of the laptop. Use a flathead screwdriver to pry up the pads and remove the screws. Turn the laptop over and lay it right-side up on your table. Open the display panel as far as it will go.
Remove the keyboard. Use a flathead screwdriver to pry up the keyboard bezel along the top of the computer and remove it. Remove the two screws holding the keyboard in place. Lift the keyboard up and disconnect the keyboard cable from the motherboard. Remove the keyboard. This will reveal a metal panel with a large hole in the centre.
Remove the display panel. Disconnect the video cable running from the display to the motherboard. Pull the wireless antenna cables through the hole in the metal panel in the centre of the laptop. Remove the four screws holding the display panel in place. Close the display panel so it's at approximately a 45-degree angle. Slide the display panel up to remove it from the laptop base.
Remove the top cover. Disconnect any remaining cables and remove any screws connecting the top cover to the laptop base. Slide a flathead screwdriver between the top cover and the base to separate the two halves. Remove the top cover. Remove the two screws holding the hard drive bracket in place and remove the bracket.
Remove the motherboard. Use your hex-nut screwdriver to remove the four hex-nuts located by the video and printer ports. Remove the two screws holding the motherboard in place. Lift the motherboard up and remove it from the laptop base.
Always photograph or document every step you take in disassembly. This way you can easily reassemble the laptop without getting confused. Tape screws next to the holes the properly go into. This way you can make sure the right screw is reinstalled in the right hole.
Always wear an electrostatic discharge strap to reduce static electricity.