The Ford Fiesta was equipped with front disc brakes that included brake rotors, calipers with a single piston and brake pads. Ford recommends replacing the brake pads every 50,000 miles, or as soon as the alert from the brake pad wear indicators is noticed. The thin metal clips on the brake pads will scrape against the rotors to produce a squeal that lets the operator of the vehicle know that the brake pads have reached a level of wear warranting replacement.
Park the Fiesta on level ground. Apply the parking brake and pull the bonnet release lever. Stop the engine and move to the front of the Ford.
Open the bonnet and remove the master cylinder cap, located near the back of the engine compartment, to the right of the engine.
Remove one-third of the brake fluid in the reservoir with a syringe or poultry baster. Lay the master cylinder cap loosely over the container.
Loosen the front wheel lug nuts with the lug wrench.
Place tire blocks behind the Fiesta's rear tires to prevent it from rolling.
Lift the front end of the Fiesta with the lifting jack and place jack stands beneath the axles for support. Lower the vehicle onto the jack stands.
Remove the lug nuts and take the front wheels off.
Remove the retaining clip at the top of the brake caliper with a pair of pliers. Pay attention to the location of the clip, as you will be returning it after replacing the brake pads.
Remove the two caliper bolts (located on the back side of the caliper) with the 7mm Allen wrench.
Lift the caliper away from the caliper bracket and rotor and rest it on top of the steering arm above the Fiesta's brake assembly.
Pull the worn brake pads from their slots within the caliper bracket.
Peel the coating from the backs of the new brake pads and stick them onto the caliper bracket. The brake pads have an adhesive on the back to keep them in place within the brake assembly.
Place the C-clamp over the caliper piston and the back of the caliper. Squeeze the piston into the side of the caliper to allow for the bulkier new brake pads. Remove the clamp once the piston is fully opened.
Place the caliper around the brake pads and screw in the caliper bolts by hand. Tighten the bolts with the Allen wrench. Replace the caliper retaining clip.
Repeat the process for the brake pads on the other front wheel.
Return the front wheels to the Fiesta's wheel bolts and screw on the lug nuts.
Lift the front of the Ford and remove the jack stands. Lower the wheels to the ground and tighten the lug nuts with the lug wrench.
Start the engine. Press the brake pedal three times slowly to return brake fluid to the Fiesta's brake caliper pistons. Move to the engine compartment.
Remove the master cylinder cap and place a funnel into the container. Fill the reservoir with DOT-3 brake fluid. Remove the funnel and replace the master cylinder cap.
Close the Ford's bonnet.